Multi-agent Evacuation Simulation Data Model with Social Considerations for Disaster Management Context

  • Mohamed Bakillah
  • J. Andrés Domínguez
  • Alexander Zipf
  • Steve H. L. Liang
  • M. A. Mostafavi
Chapter
Part of the Lecture Notes in Geoinformation and Cartography book series (LNGC)

Abstract

Large scale disasters often create the need for evacuating affected regions to save lives. Disaster management authorities need evacuation simulation tools to assess the efficiency of various evacuation scenarios and the impact of a variety of environmental and social factors on the evacuation process. Therefore, sound simulation models should include the relevant factors influencing the evacuation process and allow for the representation of different levels of detail, in order to support large scale evacuation simulation while also offering the option of considering factors operating at a finer level of detail, such as at the single individual level. In particular, the impact of social factors, such as interaction between agents, should be integrated into the simulation model to reflect the reality of evacuation processes. In this paper, we present a generic data model for agent-based evacuation simulation that includes the relevant social parameters identified in the emergency literature. The model is composed of three sub-models that describe the agents, their context and behaviour, the dynamic environment in which the agents evolve and the parameters of the evacuation scenario. The objective of this model is to improve the simulation so that it can be better represent reality.

Keywords

Data model Disaster management Evacuation simulation Multi-agent systems Social behaviour 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mohamed Bakillah
    • 1
  • J. Andrés Domínguez
    • 2
  • Alexander Zipf
    • 1
  • Steve H. L. Liang
    • 3
  • M. A. Mostafavi
    • 4
  1. 1.Rupprecht-Karls-Universität Institute for GI-ScienceHeidelbergGermany
  2. 2.Department of Sociology and Social WorkUniversity of HuelvaHuelvaSpain
  3. 3.Department of Geomatics EngineeringUniversity of Calgary   Canada
  4. 4. Geomatics Research CenterLaval UniversityCanada

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