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LocalAlert: Simulating Decentralized Ad-Hoc Collaboration in Emergency Situations

  • Silvia Nittel
  • Christopher Dorr
  • John C. Whittier
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 7478)

Abstract

Today, advances in short-range ad-hoc communication and mobile phone technologies allow people to engage in ad-hoc collaborations based solely on their spatial proximity. These technologies can also be useful to enable a form of timely, self-organizing emergency response. Information about emergency events such as a fire, an accident or a toxic spill is most relevant to the people located nearby, and these people are likely also the first ones to encounter such emergencies. In this paper we explore the concept of decentralized ad-hoc collaboration across a range of emergency scenarios, its feasibility, and potentially effective communication protocols. We introduce the LocalAlert framework, an open source agent simulation framework that we have developed to build and test various form s of decentralized ad-hoc collaboration in different emergency situations. Initial experiments identify a number of parameters that affect the likelihood of a successful response under such scenarios.

Keywords

decentralized spatial computing decentralized ad-hoc collaboration emergency situation management agent framework ad-hoc communication ad-hoc communication protocols 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Silvia Nittel
    • 1
  • Christopher Dorr
    • 1
  • John C. Whittier
    • 1
  1. 1.Spatial Informatics, School of Computing and Information ScienceUniversity of MaineOronoUSA

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