Combined Adjustment of GRACE and Geodetic Observations of Vertical Crustal Motion in the Great Lakes Region

  • E. RangelovaEmail author
  • M. G. Sideris
Conference paper
Part of the International Association of Geodesy Symposia book series (IAG SYMPOSIA, volume 138)


We combine GRACE-derived rates of vertical crustal motion, joint water gauge and satellite altimetry and GPS vertical velocities in the Great Lakes region. The combined vertical motion model is realized via a least-squares adjustment procedure, including variance-component estimation and robust outlier detection. This is necessary to ensure reliable estimates of the relative errors in the least-squares adjustment (via re-scaling of data variance-covariance matrices) and to ensure that the vertical motion model is not distorted by erroneous data. The combined vertical motion model shows a subsidence of 1–2 mm/year along the southern shores and an uplift of 3–4 mm/year along the northern shores generally consistent with the models of postglacial rebound in North America.


Vertical crustal motion Postglacial rebound GRACE Great lakes Robust least-squares 



The authors gratefully acknowledge Dr. W. van der Wal for providing the output of the postglacial rebound model simulations. The anonymous reviewers are acknowledged for their helpful comments. Financial support is provided by the GEOIDE NCE and NSERC to the second author.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Geomatics Engineering, Schulich School of EngineeringUniversity of CalgaryCalgaryCanada

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