Phytoremediation Efficiency of Edible and Economical Crops on Waste Dumps of Bauxite Mines, Salem District, Tamil Nadu, India

  • N. Mathiyazhagan
  • D. Natarajan
Part of the Springer Earth System Sciences book series (SPRINGEREARTH)


This chapter presents the results of a study on the metal content of waste dump of bauxite mine and metal accumulation efficiency of crops (Vigna radiata, V. mungo, V. unguiculata, E. coracana, C. cajan, P. glaucum, M. uniflorum, O. sativa, S. bicolour, S. indicum, R. communis, B. juncea, G. hirsutum and J. curcas) that were grown in the waste dumps of bauxite mine. The higher concentrations of Cd (1,060 mg kg−1) and Pb (742 mg kg−1) followed by Zn (827.5 mg kg−1), Cr (553.7 mg kg−1), Mn (6,674 mg kg−1), Mg (2,610 mg kg−1) were observed in waste dump of the bauxite mine. Lesser concentrations of Cu, Ca, Fe and trace amount of Hg (15 mg kg−1) were also noticed. Out of 14 crops, the V. unguiculata, J. curcas, M. uniform, V. radiata, G. hirsutum, O. sativa and R. communis were found to show reasonable uptake of Cd, Pb, Cr and Mn (4–1,000 mg kg−1) compared to others. The metal tolerant index, transfer, translocation factors and MREI value were also analyzed and that showed effective results. From these observations, it is concluded that the selected crops are suitable for the remediation of waste dump of bauxite mine.


Heavy Metal Mine Soil Mine Tailing Waste Dump Farm Soil 
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The authors thank Department of Biotechnology, Periyar University, Salem district, Tamil Nadu, India for providing lab facilities for successful completion of this investigation. The first author acknowledges the Periyar University for providing University Research Fellowship (URF) to carry out this work.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Natural Drug Research Laboratory, Department of BiotechnologyPeriyar UniversitySalemIndia

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