Skip to main content

The Fuzzy Complexity of Language

  • Chapter

Part of the Understanding Complex Systems book series (UCS)

Abstract

Fuzziness is understood here as one of the properties of complex systems. An epistemological reading of fuzzy set theory reveals that the general principles of classical logic become exceptional under fuzzy logic, and a reading of language as a fuzzy phenomenon uncovers new characteristics of the complexity of language systems. Using this approach, the current paper identifies strategies of intentional and unintentional language manipulation adopted to eliminate or at least to reduce this fuzziness. These strategies are explained in terms of indefiniteness, categorization, dichotomization and conceptualization, offering paradoxical examples and examining questions such as the indefiniteness of definitions and the resources used to reach supposedly crisp definitions. Nouns and adverbs are shown to be elements indicative of fuzziness, as elements of imprecise precision. The paper concludes with a consideration of the growth of fuzziness in the context of globalization and the emergence and development of hypertext.

Keywords

  • Fuzzy Logic
  • Classical Logic
  • Language System
  • Semantic Field
  • Polysemous Word

These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Buying options

Chapter
USD   29.95
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • DOI: 10.1007/978-3-642-32817-6_12
  • Chapter length: 22 pages
  • Instant PDF download
  • Readable on all devices
  • Own it forever
  • Exclusive offer for individuals only
  • Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout
eBook
USD   149.00
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • ISBN: 978-3-642-32817-6
  • Instant PDF download
  • Readable on all devices
  • Own it forever
  • Exclusive offer for individuals only
  • Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout
Softcover Book
USD   199.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
Hardcover Book
USD   199.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  • Bitlloch, E.: Ciencia, raza y racismo en el siglo XVIII. Ciencia Hoy 6(33) (1996)

    Google Scholar 

  • Codina, N.: Autodescripción del self en el TST: posibilidades y límites. Psicologia & Sociedade 10(1), 23–38 (1998)

    Google Scholar 

  • Codina, N.: La complejidad del self y análisis empírico de su borrosidad. Encuentros de Psicología Social 3(2), 35–43 (2005)

    MathSciNet  Google Scholar 

  • Foucault, M.: L’archéologie du savoir [La arqueología del saber. Mexico: Siglo XXI, 1978]. Gallimard, París (1969)

    Google Scholar 

  • Gergen, K.J.: The saturated self. Dilemmas of identity in contemporary life [El self saturado. Paidós, Barcelona 1992]. Harper, Londres (1991)

    Google Scholar 

  • Kleiber, G.: La sémantique du prototype [La semántica de los prototipos. Categoría y sentido léxico. Madrid: Visor, 1995]. PUF, Paris (1990)

    Google Scholar 

  • Lamarca Lapuente, M.J.: Hipertexto, el nuevo concepto de documento en la cultura de la imagen. PhD. Universidad Computense (2009), http://www.hipertexto.info/documentos/h_hipertex.htm (accessed May 29, 2012)

  • Lasaga Millet, O.: La identidad europea como construcción social compleja. Análisis de la borrosidad en el discurso de la identidad europea generado mediante escenarios de futuro. PhD. Universidad de Barcelona (2005), http://www.tdx.cat/bitstream/handle/10803/2665/TESIS_O.LASAGA_MILLET.pdf?sequence=1 (accessed May 29, 2012)

  • Milgram, S.: The small-world problem. Psychology Today 1, 61–67 (1967)

    Google Scholar 

  • Munné, F.: Psicologia social e epistemologia: Questão complexa ou complicada? Interview by A. Interview by Da.C. Siampa, O. Ardans, M. Da. Gloria, & S. Silveira. Psicologia & Sociedade 9(1-2), 5–30 (1997)

    Google Scholar 

  • Munné, F.: El self paradójico: la identidad como sustrato del self. In: Caballero, D., Méndez, M.T., Pastor, J. (eds.) La Mirada Psicosociológica: Grupos, Procesos, Lenguajes y Culturas, pp. 743–749. Biblioteca Nueva, Madrid (2000)

    Google Scholar 

  • Munné, F.: El retorno de la complejidad y la nueva imagen del ser humano. Hacia una psicología compleja. Revista Interamericana de Psicología 38(1), 15–22 (2004)

    Google Scholar 

  • Munné, F.: Qué es la complejidad. Encuentros de Psicología Social 3(2), 6–17 (2005)

    Google Scholar 

  • Munné, F.: La explicación del comportamiento humano debe ser lo más simple posible o lo más compleja posible. Encuentros de Psicología Social 4, 3–10 (2007)

    Google Scholar 

  • Pajares Tosca, S.: La literatura digital: el paradigma hipertextual. University of Extremadura, Badajoz (2004)

    Google Scholar 

  • Perrier, J.-J.: Qué es un gen. Mundo Científico 164, 88–91 (1996)

    Google Scholar 

  • Rosch, E.H.: Natural categories. Cognitive Psychology 4, 328–350 (1973)

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Rosch, E.H., Lloyd, B.: Cognition and Categorization. Erlbaum, Hillsdale (1978)

    Google Scholar 

  • Ruíz Matilla, J., Constenla, T.: Cultura de diccionario. Newspaper article. El País (2008), http://elpais.com/diario/2008/12/21/cultura/1229814001_850215.html (accessed May 29, 2012)

  • Sigman, M., Cecchi, G.A.: Global organization of the Wordnet Lexicon. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 99(3), 1742–1747 (2002)

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Solé, R.V.: Redes complejas. Del genoma a Internet. Tusquets, Barcelona (2009)

    Google Scholar 

  • Stebbing, S.: A modern introduction to logic. Methuen, London (1950)

    Google Scholar 

  • Tolhurst, D.: Hypertext, hypermedia, multimedia defined? Educational Technology 35(2), 21–26 (1995)

    Google Scholar 

  • Weiss, B.: Plutón. Objeto número 9. Revista Geo. 279, 94–101 (2010)

    Google Scholar 

  • Zadeh, L.A.: Nacimiento y evolución de la lógica borrosa, el sofá computing y la computación con palabras: Un punto de vista persona. Psicothema 8(2), 421–429 (1996)

    MathSciNet  Google Scholar 

  • Zadeh, L.A.: Toward a theory of fuzzy systems. In: Kalman, R.E., Claire, N.D. (eds.) Aspects of Network and Systems Theory, pp. 469–490. Holt, Rinehart and Winston, NewYork (1971)

    Google Scholar 

  • Zadeh, L.A.: PRUF. A meaning representation language for natural languages. International Journal of Man-Machine Studies 10, 395–460 (1978)

    MathSciNet  MATH  CrossRef  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Editor information

Editors and Affiliations

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

Copyright information

© 2013 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg

About this chapter

Cite this chapter

Munné, F. (2013). The Fuzzy Complexity of Language. In: Massip-Bonet, À., Bastardas-Boada, A. (eds) Complexity Perspectives on Language, Communication and Society. Understanding Complex Systems. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-32817-6_12

Download citation