Augmenting Media with Thermal Stimulation

  • Martin Halvey
  • Michael Henderson
  • Stephen A. Brewster
  • Graham Wilson
  • Stephen A. Hughes
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 7468)


Thermal interfaces are a new area of research in HCI, with one of their main benefits being the potential to influence emotion. To date, studies investigating thermal feedback for affective interaction have either provided concepts and prototypes, or looked at the affective element of thermal stimuli in isolation. This research is the first to look in-depth at how thermal stimuli can be used to influence the perception of different media. We conducted two studies which looked at the effect of thermal stimuli on subjective emotional responses to media. In the first we presented visual information designed to evoke emotional responses in conjunction with different thermal stimuli. In the second we used different methods to present thermal stimuli in conjunction with music. Our results highlight the possibility of using thermal stimuli to create more affective interactions in a variety of media interaction scenarios.


Thermal stimulation emotion audio visual valence arousal 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Stevens, J.C.: Thermal Sensibility. In: Heller, M.A., Schiff, W. (eds.) The Psychology of Touch. Lawrence Erlbaum, New Jersey (1991)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Gooch, D.: An Investigation into Communicating Social Presence With Thermal Devices. MSc Dissertation, University of Bath:1-390 (2009)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Hannah, D., Halvey, M., Wilson, G., Brewster, S.: Using Multimodal Interactions for 3D TV and Multimedia Browsing. Paper Presented at the 9th International Conference on Interactive Television, EuroITV (2011)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Iwasaki, K., Miyaki, T., Rakimoto, J.: AffectPhone: A Handset Device to Present User’s Emotional State with Warmth/Coolness. In: BIOSTEC 2010 (B-Interface Workshop), pp. 1–6 (2010)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Narumi, T., Akagawa, T., Seong, Y.A., Hirose, M.: Thermotaxis. In: SIGGRAPH 2009, p.1 (2009)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Lee, W., Lim, Y.-K.: Thermo-message: exploring the potential of heat as a modality of peripheral expression. Presented at the 28th of the International Conference Extended Abstracts on Human Factors in Computing Systems (2010)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Nakashige, M., Kobayashi, M., Suzuki, Y., Tamaki, H., Higashino, S.: “Hiya-Atsu” media: augmenting digital media with temperature. In: Proceedings of CHI 2009, Boston, MA (2009)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Wilson, G., Halvey, M., Brewster, S.A., Hughes, S.A.: Some Like it Hot? Thermal Feedback for Mobile Devices. Paper Presented at the ACM CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, Vancouver, Canada (2011)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Salminen, K., Surakka, V., Raisamo, J., Lylykangas, J., Pystynen, J., Raisamo, R., Makela, K., Ahmaniemi, T.: Emotional Responses to Thermal Stimuli. Paper Presented at the 13th International Conference on Multimodal Interfaces, ICMI (2011)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Lang, P.J., Bradley, M.M., Cuthbert, B.N.: International affective picture system (IAPS): Affective ratings or pictures and instruction manual. Paper Presented at the Technical Report A.8. University of Florida, Gainesville, FL (2008)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Williams, L.E., Bargh, J.A.: Experiencing physical warmth promotes interpersonal warmth. Science 322(5901), 606–607 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Russell, J.A.: A Circumplex Model of Affect. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 39(6), 1161–1178 (1980)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Baumgartner, T., Elsslen, M., Jancke, L.: From emotion perception to emotion experience: Emotions evoked by pictures and classical music. International Journal of Psychophysiology 60(1), 34–43 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Kreutz, G., Ott, U., Teichmann, D., Osawa, P., Vaitl, D.: Using music to induce emotions: Influences of musical preference and absorption. Psychology of Music 36(1), 101–126 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Mohn, C., Argstatter, H., Wilker, F.-W.: Perceptions of six basic emotions in music. Psychology of Music 39(4), 503–517 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Martin Halvey
    • 1
  • Michael Henderson
    • 2
  • Stephen A. Brewster
    • 2
  • Graham Wilson
    • 2
  • Stephen A. Hughes
    • 3
  1. 1.School of Engineering and Built EnvironmentGlasgow Caledonian UniversityGlasgowUK
  2. 2.School of Computing ScienceUniversity of GlasgowGlasgowUK
  3. 3.SAMH EngineeringDublinIreland

Personalised recommendations