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Drought in Deciduous Fruit Trees: Implications for Yield and Fruit Quality

  • Gerardo LopezEmail author
  • M. Hossein Behboudian
  • Joan Girona
  • Jordi Marsal
Chapter

Abstract

In many production areas of the world deciduous fruit trees require irrigation to maximize yield and optimize fruit quality. Drought could therefore have a negative impact on fruit production. This chapter addresses yield and fruit quality responses of deciduous fruits (DF) to drought. The chapter has emphasis on the most important deciduous fruit trees and includes apple, apricot, cherry, peach, pear, and plum. Confronted with a period of drought, fruit growers’ success will depend on their ability to modify cultural practices. We evaluated various strategies at different levels of water shortage. We expected that this chapter will introduce enough information to understand the effects of drought in deciduous fruit tree orchards and facilitate fruit marketability under water shortage.

Keywords

Water Stress Deficit Irrigation Fruit Firmness Regulate Deficit Irrigation Aroma Volatile 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Abbreviations and Acronyms

CI

Conventional irrigation, commercial irrigation

DF

Deciduous fruits

DI

Deficit irrigation

ETc

Crop evapotranspiration

FF

Fruit firmness

IEC

Internal ethylene concentration

NI

No irrigation

RDI

Regulated deficit irrigation

RDM

Relative dry matter

SPI

Starch pattern index

SSC

Soluble solids concentration

SSP

Severe summer pruning

SWP

Stem water potential

TA

Titratable acidity

Notes

Acknowledgments

This work was supported by the Spanish Ministry of Science and Innovation (MICINN) projects CSD2006-00067 of CONSOLIDER-INGENIO 2010 and AGL2009-10237.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gerardo Lopez
    • 1
    Email author
  • M. Hossein Behboudian
    • 1
  • Joan Girona
    • 1
  • Jordi Marsal
    • 1
  1. 1.Irrigation TechnologyInstitut de Recerca i Tecnologia Agroalimentàries (IRTA), Centre UdL-IRTALleidaSpain

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