Exploring the Impact of a Spatial Data Infrastructure on Value-Added Resellers and Vice Versa

  • Antony K. Cooper
  • Serena Coetzee
  • Petr Rapant
  • Dominique Laurent
  • David M. Danko
  • Adam Iwaniak
  • Ammatzia Peled
  • Harold Moellering
  • Ulrich Düren
Part of the Lecture Notes in Geoinformation and Cartography book series (LNGC)


A spatial data infrastructure (SDI) is an evolving concept for facilitating, coordinating and monitoring the exchange and sharing of geospatial data and services. In earlier work, we developed a formal model for an SDI from the Enterprise, Information and Computational Viewpoints of the Reference Model for Open Distributed Processing. Within the Enterprise Viewpoint, we identified six stakeholders, including a Value-added Reseller (VAR), a stakeholder who adds value to an existing product or group of products, and then makes it available as a new product. A VAR is particularly important because they extend the usefulness of SDI products: high quality and useful VAR products help ensure continued funding by governments of publicly provided data. We engaged with various types of VAR around the world, to understand what encourages or inhibits VARs in an SDI, and the contributions VARs can make to an SDI. The results are described here.


Spatial data infrastructure (SDI) Value-added reseller (VAR) Public sector geographical information (PSGI) 



We would like to thank the VARs for their time and willingness to help this research and the anonymous referees for their interesting comments. This work was supported by the European Regional Development Fund in the IT4Innovations Centre of Excellence project (CZ.1.05/1.1.00/02.0070) and the Program of Specific Research of the Faculty of Mining and Geology, VSB—Technical University of Ostrava.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Antony K. Cooper
    • 1
    • 2
  • Serena Coetzee
    • 2
  • Petr Rapant
    • 3
  • Dominique Laurent
    • 4
  • David M. Danko
    • 5
  • Adam Iwaniak
    • 6
  • Ammatzia Peled
    • 7
  • Harold Moellering
    • 8
  • Ulrich Düren
    • 9
  1. 1.Built EnvironmentCSIRPretoriaSouth Africa
  2. 2.Centre for Geoinformation ScienceUniversity of PretoriaPretoriaSouth Africa
  3. 3.IT4Innovations, and Institute of GeoinfomaticsVSB-Technical University of OstravaOstrava-PorubaCzech Republic
  4. 4.Institut Géographique NationalSaint MandéFrance
  5. 5.EsriViennaUSA
  6. 6.Institute of Geodesy and GeoinformaticsWrocław University of Environmental and Life SciencesWrocławPoland
  7. 7.Department of Geography and Environmental StudiesUniversity of HaifaHaifaIsrael
  8. 8.Department of GeographyOhio State UniversityColumbusUSA
  9. 9.Bezirksregierung KölnBonnGermany

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