Querying Transaction–Time Databases under Branched Schema Evolution

  • Wenyu Huo
  • Vassilis J. Tsotras
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 7446)


Transaction-time databases have been proposed for storing and querying the history of a database. While past work concentrated on managing the data evolution assuming a static schema, recent research has considered data changes under a linearly evolving schema. An ordered sequence of schema versions is maintained and the database can restore/query its data under the appropriate past schema. There are however many applications leading to a branched schema evolution where data can evolve in parallel, under different concurrent schemas. In this work, we consider the issues involved in managing the history of a database that follows a branched schema evolution. To maintain easy access to any past schema, we use an XML-based approach with an optimized sharing strategy. As for accessing the data, we explore branched temporal indexing techniques and present efficient algorithms for evaluating two important queries made possible by our novel branching environment: the vertical historical query and the horizontal historical query. Moreover, we show that our methods can support branched schema evolution which allows version merging. Experimental evaluations show the efficiency of our storing, indexing, and query processing methodologies.


Schema Version Query Processing Sharing Strategy Multiple Branch Data Page 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Wenyu Huo
    • 1
  • Vassilis J. Tsotras
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Computer Science and EngineeringUniversity of CaliforniaRiversideUSA

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