Proximal Risk Factors for ACL Injury: Role of Core Stability

  • Ajit M. W. Chaudhari
  • Steve T. Jamison
  • Thomas M. Best


This chapter reviews the role of the core and core stability in preventing ACL injuries. Core stability represents the ability of the core, or the muscles of the abdomen and lower back, to maintain or resume a relative position [or trajectory] of the trunk after a perturbation. Poor trunk control and core stability may place an athlete in a position that results in adverse loading of the knee, leading to injury. Training programs incorporating core-specific exercises have been successful at reducing ACL injury risk, but the extent to which the core-specific exercises influenced the reduction in injury risk is unknown. Reducing trunk angles, medializing the center of mass, and shifting the center of mass anteriorly more over the foot are all associated with reduced knee moments and may lead to reduced ACL injury risk.


Anterior Cruciate Ligament Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injury Core Stability Lateral Trunk Knee Loading 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



The authors would like to thank Steve McConoughey, Ph.D. for his editorial assistance with this manuscript.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ajit M. W. Chaudhari
    • 1
  • Steve T. Jamison
    • 2
  • Thomas M. Best
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Orthopaedics, Sports Health & Performance InstituteOhio State University Sports Medicine CenterColumbusUSA
  2. 2.Department of OrthopaedicsOhio State University Sports Medicine CenterColumbusUSA
  3. 3.Department of Family Medicine, Sports Health & Performance InstituteOhio State University Sports Medicine CenterColumbusUSA

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