Neuromuscular Differences Between Men and Women

  • Timothy C. Sell
  • Scott M. Lephart


This chapter provides an overview of the neuromuscular differences between male and female athletes participating in sports and recreational activities. Differences are outlined based on the functional joint stability paradigm and include comparisons for proprioception, postural stability, electromyographic activity, strength, biomechanics, and fatigue. Special emphasis is placed on the authors’ previous and current research as well as the authors’ research examining risk factors for injury in military personnel.


Anterior Cruciate Ligament Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injury Female Athlete Joint Stability Neuromuscular Control 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Sports Medicine and NutritionUniversity of PittsburghPittsburghUSA

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