A Finite Basis for ‘Almost Future’ Temporal Logic over the Reals

  • Dorit Pardo (Ordentlich)
  • Alexander Rabinovich
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 7464)


Kamp’s theorem established the expressive completeness of the temporal modalities Until and Since for the First-Order Monadic Logic of Order (FOMLO) over Real and Natural time flows. Over Natural time, a single future modality (Until) is sufficient to express all future FOMLO formulas. These are formulas whose truth value at any moment is determined by what happens from that moment on. Yet this fails to extend to Real time domains: Here no finite basis of future modalities can express all future FOMLO formulas. In this paper we show that finiteness can be recovered if we slightly soften the requirement that future formulas must be totally past-independent: We allow formulas to depend just on the very very near-past, and maintain the requirement that they be independent of the rest - actually - of most of the past. We call them ‘almost future’ formulas, and show that there is a finite basis of almost future modalities which is expressively complete over the Reals for the almost future fragment of FOMLO.


Temporal Logic Expressive Power Truth Table Linear Temporal Logic Predicate Symbol 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Dorit Pardo (Ordentlich)
    • 1
  • Alexander Rabinovich
    • 1
  1. 1.The Blavatnik School of Computer ScienceTel Aviv UniversityIsrael

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