Tumors of the Central Nervous System
Central nervous system (CNS) tumors are the most common solid tumors in childhood. For example, there are approximately 2,000 brain tumors diagnosed in children each year in the United States. While the incidence of reported pediatric brain tumors has been increasing over the past few decades, this is probably because of improvements in diagnostic capabilities and reporting. Recent advances in diagnostic capabilities, aggressive surgical techniques, and multimodal therapy, including radiation and/or chemotherapy, have led to longer survival and even cure of some classifications of pediatric brain tumors.
Written by a well-known nurse practitioner specializing in pediatric brain tumors, this chapter provides an overview of cancers, treatments, and the latest information on research and clinical trials. A mother provides the touching story of her daughter’s brain tumor diagnosis, which helps to put the clinical picture into clear focus for the neuroscience nurse.
KeywordsIntracranial Pressure Posterior Fossa Germ Cell Tumor Fourth Ventricle Central Nervous System Tumor
- Albright L, Pollack I, Adelson P (2007) Principals and practice of pediatric neurosurgery. Thieme, New York, pp 477–790Google Scholar
- Avellino A, Berger M (1997) Intensive care management of children with brain tumors. In: Andrews B, Hammer G (eds) Pediatric neurosurgical intensive care. The American Association of Neurological Surgeons, Park Ridge, pp 235–256Google Scholar
- Black P, Wen P (1995) Clinical imaging and laboratory diagnosis of brain tumors. In: Kaye A, Laws E Jr (eds) Brain tumors. Churchill Livingstone, Edinburgh, pp 191–214Google Scholar
- Cardis E et al (2010) Brain tumour risk in relation to mobile telephone use: results of the INTERPHONE international case–control study. Int J Epidemiol, 10:1–20Google Scholar
- Halpern E, Constine L, Tarbell N, Kun L (2010) Pediatric radiation oncology. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, PhiladelphiaGoogle Scholar
- Hickey J (2009) The clinical practice of neurological and neurosurgical nursing, 6th edn. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, PhiladelphiaGoogle Scholar
- Lerner SE, Huang GJ, McMahon D, Sklar CA, Oberfield SE (2005) Growth hormone therapy in children after cranial/craniospinal radiation therapy: sexually dimorphic outcomes. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 12:6100–6104Google Scholar
- Lieberman D, Berger M (2001) Brain tumors during the first two years of life. In: Albright AL, Pollack I, Adelson PD (eds) Operative techniques in pediatric neurosugery. Thieme, New York, pp 125–129Google Scholar
- Muszynski C, Constantini S, Epstein F (2001) Intraspinal intramedullary neoplasms. In: Albright AL, Pollack I, Adelson PD (eds) Operative techniques in pediatric neurosugery. Thieme, New York, pp 193–200Google Scholar
- National Cancer Institute (2008) Radiation risks and pediatric computed tomography (CT): a guide for health care providers. Retrieved from http://www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/causes/radiation-risks-pediatric-ct. Accessed 12 Dec 2011.
- Petriccione MM (1993) Central nervous system tumors. In: Foley G, Fochtman D, Mooney KH (eds) Nursing care of the child with cancer. W.B. Saunders, Philadelphia, pp 239–253Google Scholar
- Robinson LL (2005) The Childhood Cancer Survivor Study: a resource for research of long-term outcomes among adult survivors of childhood cancer. Minn Med 4:45–49Google Scholar
- Shiminski-Maher T, Wisoff J (1995) Pediatric brain tumors. Crit Care Clin North Am 7:159–169Google Scholar
- Shiminski-Maher T, Cullen P, Sansalone M (2002) Childhood brain and spinal cord tumors: a guide for families, friends and caregivers. O’Reilly Associates, SepastopolGoogle Scholar
- Sundgren P (2010) Advanced imaging techniques in brain tumors: an issue of neuroimaging. Neuroimaging Clin N Am, 4:657–658Google Scholar
- Watral M (2009) Central nervous system tumors. In: Kline N (ed) Essentials of pediatric hematology/oncologynursing. Association of Pediatric Hematology/Oncology Nurses. pp 28–32Google Scholar
- Yock T, Tarbell N (2002) Technology insight: proton beam radiotherapy for treatment in pediatric brain tumors. Nat Clin Pract Oncol 1:97–103Google Scholar