Perioperative Care

  • Sarah M. Burr
  • Gail C. Dustman


Nurses play an important role in mitigating the stress of surgery for the child and family as well as in ensuring the safety of the patient throughout the perioperative process. This chapter discusses care of the child and family throughout the perioperative process and uses pictures for illustration. Patient/family education, psychological preparation of the child to reduce anxiety and fear, preoperative assessment, radiographs and laboratory tests required, dietary restrictions, and separation from the parents are addressed preoperatively. Intraoperative nursing care followed by postoperative management in the postanesthesia care unit (PACU) is also included. Pain management, postoperative assessment, discharge criteria from the PACU, and parental presence in the PACU are presented using a case study as an example of the perioperative process.


Pediatric Intensive Care Unit Neurosurgical Procedure Anesthesia Provider Scrub Nurse Postanesthesia Care Unit 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Post Anesthesia Care Unit, Children’s Mercy HospitalKansas CityUSA
  2. 2.Children’s Mercy HospitalKansas CityUSA

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