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The Genocidal Forcible Transfer of Children: A Crime Well Established in International Law; Yet Still Not Prosecuted by the ICC

  • Sonja C. Grover
Chapter

Abstract

As the selected ICC case law here previously discussed illustrates, there is a continuing failure to acknowledge and prosecute the recruitment of children (persons under age 18) and/or their use for active participation in hostilities by armed groups or forces (State or non-State) that perpetrate mass atrocities and/or genocide as the ‘genocidal forcible transfer of children’. Rather, such recruitment and/or use when involving under 15s is classified exclusively in terms of war crimes for the first time under international criminal treaty law (the Rome Statute). The latter war crimes are regarded by some as a novel category of international crime though, as previously discussed here, this category of war crimes was already reflected in customary international law. For instance, Schabas states “…the Rome Statute does recognize some new crimes that were probably not covered by the earlier instruments, such as the recruitment of child soldiers …”

Keywords

United Nations Sexual Violence Security Council Armed Conflict Rome Statute 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Literature, Materials and Cases

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Cases

  1. Case concerning the Application of the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide (Bosnia and Herzegovina v. Serbia and Montenegro) (International Court of Justice)(ICJ), Judgment of 26 Feb. 2007. http://www.icj-cij.org/docket/files/91/13685.pdf. Accessed 13 Apr 2012
  2. Democratic Republic of Congo v Uganda,(Case concerning armed activities on the territory of the Congo) (International Court of Justice) (ICJ) 2005 judgement. http://www.icj-cij.org/docket/files/116/10455.pdf. Accessed 15 Apr 2012
  3. Pre-Trial Chamber decision (ICC) to authorize an investigation into situation in the Republic of Kenya (Kenya) 31, March, 2010. http://www.icc-cpi.int/iccdocs/doc/doc854287.pdf. Accessed 4 Apr 2012
  4. Prosecutor v Lubanga Pre-Trial Chamber I, Decision on the Prosecutor's Application for a warrant of arrest. Article 58, ICC-01/04-01/06-8-Corr, para. 41.Google Scholar
  5. Prosecutor v Thomas Lubanga Dyilo, Final Trial Judgement Pursuant to Article 74 of the Rome Statute (14 March, 2012). http://www.icc-cpi.int/iccdocs/doc/doc1379838.pdf. Accessed 20 Mar 2012

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of EducationLakehead UniversityThunder BayCanada

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