The Transcend Method in Conflict Mediation Across Levels

  • Johan Galtung
  • Dietrich Fischer
Part of the SpringerBriefs on Pioneers in Science and Practice book series (BRIEFSPIONEER, volume 5)


The TRANSCEND approach to peace is inspired by the medical approach to health, based on Diagnosis-Prognosis-Therapy. The method is dialogues with all parties and parties inside parties, high up, low down and side wards, to map the conflict in terms of parties and their goals, to explore the legitimacy of the goals using law, human right and basic needs, and then to go for the overarching bridge between legitimate goals to some new reality accommodating all parties in the sense that they find that outcome preferable to the alternatives: imposing one party-goal over the others (‘winning’), a bland compromise, or just doing nothing.


Security Council Muslim Country Natural Park Dispute Territory Class Conflict 
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Further Readings

  1. Galtung J, MacQueen G (2008) Globalizing god: religion, spirituality and peace. TRANSCEND University Press, vol 4
  2. Galtung J (1972) Christianity and the fight for peace, study encounter VIII(3), pp 1–14. Also as: Social structure, religious structure, and the fight for peace. In: essays in peace research I:348–366.Google Scholar
  3. Galtung J (1993) Buddhism: a quest for unity and peace (Honolulu: Dae Won Sa Buddhist Temple of Hawaii 1988): 161. Reprinted by Sarvodaya Book Publishing Services, Colombo, Sri Lanka: VishvaLekha, pp 138.Google Scholar
  4. Galtung J (1995) Religions hard and soft: how to strengthen the softer aspects, the contribution by religions to the culture of peace, Centre UNESCO de Catalunya, Barcelona, 12–18 Dec 1994, pp 57–64.Google Scholar
  5. Galtung J (1995) The challenge of religion: transcendent or immanent, hard or soft?. In: Alan R, Roger W (eds) True to this earth: global challenges and transforming faith, Oxford: Oneworld Publications, pp 63–74.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.VersonnexFrance
  2. 2.Galtung Institute for Peace Theory and PracticeGrenzach-WyhlenGermany
  3. 3.BaselSwitzerland

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