Violence: Direct, Structural and Cultural

  • Johan Galtung
  • Dietrich Fischer
Part of the SpringerBriefs on Pioneers in Science and Practice book series (BRIEFSPIONEER, volume 5)


Violence is any avoidable insult to basic human needs, and, more generally, to sentient life of any kind, defined as that which is capable of suffering pain an enjoy well-being. Violence lowers the real level of needs satisfaction below what is potentially possible.


Structural Violence Ecological Degradation Direct Violence Peace Study Intentional Killing 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.VersonnexFrance
  2. 2.Galtung Institute for Peace Theory and PracticeGrenzach-WyhlenGermany
  3. 3.BaselSwitzerland

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