Johan Galtung pp 179-188 | Cite as

Conciliation as Liberation from Trauma

  • Johan Galtung
  • Dietrich Fischer
Part of the SpringerBriefs on Pioneers in Science and Practice book series (BRIEFSPIONEER, volume 5)


The point of departure is in the past. Something terrible has happened: somebody was badly hurt-harmed, traumatized. There is a narrative of acts of direct violence; physical, verbal, both.


Peaceful Coexistence Direct Violence Joint Interest International Herald Tribune Moral High Ground 
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Further Readings

  1. Galtung J (1998a) After Violence: 3R, Reconstruction, Reconciliation, Resolution. Coping with Visible and Invisible Effects of War and Violence (Princeton, NJ: TRANSCEND): 115.Google Scholar
  2. Galtung J (1998b) After the Violence: Truth and Reconciliation, L’Ateneo, Anno XIV, No 5, Novembre/Dicembre: 17–22.Google Scholar
  3. Galtung J (2005a) On the Psychology of Reconciliation (in English, with a Japanese summary), in Prime, No. 21 (Tokyo: International Peace Research Institute, Meiji Gakuin University): 5–20.Google Scholar
  4. Galtung J (2005b) “Twelve Creative Ways to Foster Reconciliation”, in: Intervention: International Journal of Mental Health, Psychosocial Work and Counselling in Areas of Armed Conflict, 2,3: 222–34 (Special issue: reconciliation in practice).Google Scholar
  5. Santa Barbara J; Galtung J; Perlman D (2012) Reconciliation: Clearing the Past, Building a Future (TRANSCEND University Press) (

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.VersonnexFrance
  2. 2.Galtung Institute for Peace Theory and PracticeGrenzach-WyhlenGermany
  3. 3.BaselSwitzerland

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