Source Process and Broadband Waveform Modeling of 2011 Tohoku Earthquake Using the Earth Simulator
We have calculated broadband synthetic seismograms for March 11, 2011 Tohoku earthquakes using the Spectral-Element Method. We use finite source models by using a set of sub-events distributed along the fault surface, retrieved by inversion of body waves (Nakamura et al., 2010). The finite source model used in this simulation estimates Mw to be 9.1. The fault dimension is 460 km times 240 km with the source duration time of 150 s. We use the Earth Simulator2 of JAMSTEC to calculate preliminary synthetic seismograms for this finite source model. We used 726 processors of the Earth Simulator 2, which should provide synthetic seismograms that are accurate up to about 5 s and longer. The comparison of the synthetic seismograms with the observation for this event shows that synthetic P-waveforms model the observed seismogram quite well, reflecting that the finite source model is quite precise. This source model shows that the maximum slip occurs at depth of 20 km and propagates to shallower region, which is consistent with the fact that the tsunami excitation was significant for this event. Azimuthal dependence of misfits of synthetic waveforms and observation, especially for surface waves, may reflect the discrepancies of three-dimensional mantle structure used in this simulation with the actual Earth.
KeywordsSynthetic Seismogram Tohoku Earthquake Waveform Inversion Fault Surface Rupture Velocity
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