Advertisement

Connecting Desired Leadership Styles with Ancient Greek Philosophy: Results from the Globe Research in Greece, 1995–2010

  • Nancy Papalexandris
  • Eleanna Galanaki
Chapter

Abstract

Is there an ideal leader? If yes, do the traits of this ideal leader vary by national culture or across time, or is leadership a uniform concept across cultures? In this paper, modal leader behavior patterns are explored in modern Greece, through the findings of a longitudinal research project carried out on 1000 middle managers. The identified as desired leadership traits are then studied under the light of ideal images of the leader, as depicted in the classic works of Ancient Greek thinkers, notably Plato. Believing that implicit fundamental values are, to their larger part, unchangeable, we assume that the Greek ideal leader remains the same across centuries. Our findings seem to support this assumption.

Keywords

Leadership Style Leader Behavior Moral Character Ideal Leader Leadership Dimension 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. Apospori, E., Papalexandris, N., & Galanaki, E. (2005). The motive and responsibility profile of Greek ceos: Comparing entrepreneurs and professionals. Leadership and Organization Development Journal, 26(2), 141–162.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Broome, B. J. (1996). Exploring the Greek mosaic: A guide to intercultural communication in Greece. Yarmouth: Intercultural Press.Google Scholar
  3. Ciulla, B. J. (2004). Ethics and leadership effectiveness. In J. Antonakis, A. Cianciolo, & R. Sternberg (Eds.), The nature of leadership: 302–327. Thousand Oaks: SAGE Publications.Google Scholar
  4. Dorfman, P., Hanges, P. J., & Brodbeck, F. C. (2003a). Leadership and cultural variation: The identification of culturally endorsed leadership profiles. In R. J. House, P. J. Hanges, M. Javidan, P. Dorfman, & V. Gupta (Eds.), Culture, leadership, and organizations: The GLOBE study of 62 societies (pp. 669–719). Thousand Oaks/London: Sage.Google Scholar
  5. Dorfman, P., & House, R. J. (2003b). Cultural influences on organizational leadership. In R. J. House, P. J. Hanges, M. Javidan, P. Dorfman, & V. Gupta (Eds.), Culture, leadership, and organizations: The GLOBE study of 62 societies (pp. 51–73). Thousand Oaks/London: Sage.Google Scholar
  6. Fermor, P. L. (1958). Mani: Travels in the southern Peloponnese. London: Penguin.Google Scholar
  7. Fermor, P. L. (1966). Roumeli: Travels in northern Greece. London: Penguin.Google Scholar
  8. House, R. J. (2003). Illustrative examples of GLOBE findings. In R. J. House, P. J. Hanges, M. Javidan, P. Dorfman, & V. Gupta (Eds.), Culture, leadership, and organizations: The GLOBE study of 62 societies (pp. 3–8). Thousand Oaks/London: Sage.Google Scholar
  9. House, R., Javidan, M., & Dorfman, P. (2001a). Project GLOBE: An introduction. Applied Psychology: An International Review, 50(4), 489–505.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. House, R. J., Delbecq, A., Taris, T., & Sully de Luque, M. (2001b). Charismatic theory of leadership: An empirical test of CEO’s. Unpublished manuscript.Google Scholar
  11. Kodish, S. (2006). The Paradoxes of leadership: The contribution of Aristotle. Leadership, 2, 451–468.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Lee, D. (1959). Freedom and culture. Washington, DC: American University.Google Scholar
  13. Papalexandris, N. (2006). Greece, from ancient myths to modern realities. In J. S. Chhokar, F. C. Brodbeck, & R. J. House (Eds.), Global leadership and organizational behavior effectiveness. New Jersey: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.Google Scholar
  14. Papalexandris, N. (2007). Greece, from ancient myths to modern realities, Ch. 21. In C. J. S. Chhokar, F. C. Brodbeck, & R. J. House (Eds.), Culture and leadership across the world: The globe book of in-depth studies of 25 societies (pp. 767–802). Mahaw: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.Google Scholar
  15. Papalexandris, N., Halikias, J., & Panayotopoulou, L. (2002). Societal Culture and Human Resource Management: Exploring the mutual interaction in Greece. Paper presented at the 2nd international conference: Human Resource Management in Europe: Trends and challenges, Athens.Google Scholar
  16. Philipoussis, J. (1999). The question of Plato’s notion of ‘leadership’ in the Republic. Phronimon, 1(1), 109–143.Google Scholar
  17. Reeve, C. D. C. (1988). Philosopher-Kings: The Argument of Plato's Republic. Princeton: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
  18. Stogdill, R. M. (1974). Handbook of leadership: A survey of the literature. New York: Free Press.Google Scholar
  19. Takala, T. (1998). Plato on leadership. Journal of Business Ethics, 17(7), 785–798.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Williamson, T. (2008). The good society and the good soul: Plato’s republic on leadership. The Leadership Quarterly, 19(4), 397–408.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Marketing and CommunicationAthens University of Economics and BusinessAthensGreece

Personalised recommendations