Advertisement

EU Diplomacy: Measuring Success in Light of the Post-Lisbon Institutional Framework

  • Thomas Ramopoulos
  • Jed Odermatt
Chapter
Part of the Global Power Shift book series (GLOBAL)

Abstract

This paper discusses the effects of the EU’s external relations institutional framework on the conduct of its diplomacy. Drawing upon the academic writing in the field, we attempt to take a step further, examining how the post-Lisbon external relations architecture influences EU diplomacy in practice, combining legal analysis with policy-making. Our conclusion is that the new architecture has not yet managed to achieve its major objective to instill coherence, consistency and unity in EU foreign policy as prerequisites for a more prominent and, thereby, effective role of the EU on the international plane. Instead of streamlining cooperation and coordination of the different actors relevant to the conduct of EU foreign policy, it has given rise to turf battles among them in the effort to determine ad novo the power balances in this field.

Keywords

European Union Foreign Policy European Union Member State External Relation Lisbon Treaty 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. Bendiek, A., & Kramer, H. (2010). The EU as a ‘Strategic’ international actor: Substantial and analytical ambiguities. European Foreign Affairs Review, 15, 453–474.Google Scholar
  2. Borger, J. (2011, October 20). EU anger over British stance on UN statements. The Guardian. Accessed January 22, 2012, from http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2011/oct/20/uk-eu-un-statements-wording
  3. Christiansen, T. (2012). The European Union after the Lisbon Treaty: An elusive ‘institutional Balance’? In A. Biondi, P. Eeckhout, & S. Ripley (Eds.), EU law after Lisbon (pp. 228–247). Oxford: OUP.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Corthaut, T., & Van Eeckhoutte, D. (2012). Legal aspects of EU participation in global environmental governance under the UN umbrella. In J. Wouters, H. Bruyninckx, S. Basu, & S. Schunz (Eds.), The European Union and multilateral governance (pp. 145–170). Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.Google Scholar
  5. Cremona, M. (2008). Defining competence in EU external relations: Lessons from the treaty reform process. In A. Dashwood & M. Maresceau (Eds.), Law and practice of EU external relations: Salient features of a changing landscape (pp. 34–69). Cambridge: CUP.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Dashwood, A., Dougan, M., Rodger, B., et al. (2011). Wyatt and Dashwood’s European Union law. Oxford: Hart Publishing.Google Scholar
  7. De Baere, G. (2008). Constitutional principles of EU external relations. Oxford: OUP.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. De Baere, G. (2011). International negotiations Post-Lisbon: A case study of the Union’s external environmental policy. In K. Panos (Ed.), The European Union’s external relations a year after Lisbon. The Hague: CLEER Working Papers 2011/3.Google Scholar
  9. Duff, A. (2009). All eyes on ‘triple-hatted’ Ashton. Newspaper Article. The Financial Times. Accessed January 22, 2012, from http://www.ft.com/intl/cms/s/0/74a4df62-ea2f-11de-aeb6-00144feab49a.html#axzz1tp53gGvL
  10. Eeckhout, P. (2011). EU external relations law (2nd ed.). Oxford: OUP.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Emerson, M., Balfour, R., et al. (2011). Upgrading the EU’s role as global actor: Institutions, Law and the restructuring of European diplomacy. Brussels: CEPS.Google Scholar
  12. Gstohl, S. (2009). ‘Patchwork Power’ Europe: The EU’s representation in international institutions. European Foreign Affairs Review, 14, 385–403.Google Scholar
  13. Hemra, S., Raines, T., & Whitman, R. (2011). A diplomatic entrepreneur: Making the most of the European external action service. A Chatham house report. London: Chatham House.Google Scholar
  14. Hillion, C. (2008). Tous pour un, un pour tous! coherence in the external: Relations of the European union. In M. Cremona (Ed.), Developments in EU external relations law (pp. 10–36). Oxford: OUP.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Hillion, C., & Koutrakos, P. (2010). Mixed agreements revisited: The EU member states in the world. Oxford: Hart Publishing.Google Scholar
  16. Hoffmeister, F. (2007). Outsider or frontrunner? Recent developments under international and European law on the status of the European union in international organizations and treaty bodies. Common Market Law Review, 44, 41–68.Google Scholar
  17. Kratochvil, P., Cibulkova, P., & Benik, M. (2011). The EU as a ‘framing Actor’: Reflections on media on media debates about EU foreign policy. Journal of Common Market Studies, 49(2), 391–412.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Lee, M. R. (2011). On UN budget EU fights for place, US for freeze, coin flipped, Ban leaves amid criticism. New York, NY: Inner City. Accessed January 16, 2012, from http://www.innercitypress.com/uneu1budget102711.html.Google Scholar
  19. Lehne, S. (2011). More action, better service: How to strengthen the European external action service. Policy outlook. Washington, DC: Carnegie.Google Scholar
  20. Missiroli, A. (2010). The new EU ‘foreign policy’ system after Lisbon: A work in progress. European Foreign Affairs Review, 15, 427–452.Google Scholar
  21. Van Daele, F. (Head of Cabinet of the President of the European Council) (2012). The European Union and the emerging powers: The search for partnerships in a changing world. keynote in strategic challenges in the EU–Brazil relationship. Conference organised by the Leuven Centre for Global Governance Studies et al.Google Scholar
  22. Van Elsuwege, P. (2010). EU external action after the collapse of the pillar structure: In search of a New balance between delimitation and consistency. Common Market Law Review, 47, 987–1019.Google Scholar
  23. Van Elsuwege, P., & Merket, H. (2012). The role of the court of justice in ensuring the unity of the EU’s external representation. In S. Blockmans & R. A. Wessel (Eds.), Principles and practices of EU external representation: Selected legal aspects. The Hague: CLEER Working Papers 2012/4.Google Scholar
  24. Van Vooren, B. (2011). A legal-institutional perspective on the European external action service. Common Market Law Review, 48, 475–502.Google Scholar
  25. Vogel, T. (2011, May 26). Split emerges over remit of the EU's diplomatic service. European Voice. Accessed February 22, 2012, from http://www.europeanvoice.com/article/imported/split-emerges-over-remit-of-the-eu-s-diplomatic-service/71168.aspx
  26. Wouters, J., & Emerson, M. (2010). The EU’s diplomatic debacle at the UN: What else and what next? CEPS Commentaries: Belgium.Google Scholar
  27. Wouters, J., Odermatt, J., & Ramopoulos, T. (2011). The Lisbon treaty and the status of the European union in the international arena: The May 2011 upgrade at the UN general assembly (pp. 166–170). Barcelona: IEMed Mediterranean Yearbook 2011.Google Scholar

European Union Documents

  1. Case C-366/10, Air Transport Association of America and Others v. Secretary of State for Energy and Climate Change, Judgment of 21 December 2011, Unpublished, para. 70.Google Scholar
  2. Communication from the Commission to the European Council of June 2006. Europe in the World—Some Practical Proposals for Greater Coherence, Effectiveness and Visibility. COM(2006) 278 final. 08 June 2006.Google Scholar
  3. Council of the European Union. EU Statements in multilateral organisations- General Arrangements. 24.10.2011. 15901/11.Google Scholar
  4. Council of the European Union, Council Decision of 26 July 2010 establishing the organisation and functioning of the European External Action Service (2010/427/EU), OJ 2010L 201/30.Google Scholar
  5. Council of the European Union. IGC 2007 Mandate. 11218/07. POLGEN 74. 26 June 2007. Annex. para. 1.Google Scholar
  6. EEAS. Report by the High Representative to the European Parliament, the Council and the Commission. 22.12.2011.Google Scholar
  7. European Commission and High Representative. (2011a). Joint Communication to the European Council, the European Parliament, the Council, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions. A Partnership for Democracy and Shared Prosperity with the Southern Mediterranean. 8.3.2011. COM(2011) 200 final.Google Scholar
  8. European Commission and High Representative. (2011b). Joint Communication to the European Council, the European Parliament, the Council, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions. A New response to a changing Neighbourhood. 25.5.2011. COM(2011) 303Google Scholar
  9. European Commission and High Representative (2011c). Joint Communication to the European Parliament and the Council. Global Europe: A New Approach to financing EU external action. 7.12.2011. COM(2011) 865 final.Google Scholar
  10. European Commission and High Representative (2011d). Joint Communication to the European Parliament and the Council. Human rights and Democracy at the Heart of EU external action—Towards a more Effective Approach. 12.12.2011. COM(2011) 886 final.Google Scholar
  11. European Commission and High Representative (2012a). Joint Proposal for a Council Decision on the accession of the European Union to the Treaty of Amity and Cooperation in Southeast Asia. 16.2.2012. JOIN(2012) 1 final.Google Scholar
  12. European Commission and High Representative (2012b). Joint Proposal for a Council Regulation concerning restrictive measures against Iran and repealing Regulation (EU) No 961/2010. 17.2.2012. JOIN(2012) 2 final.Google Scholar
  13. European Council. Laeken Declaration on the Future of the European Union. SN 300/1/01 REV 1. 14–15 December 2001.Google Scholar
  14. European Security Strategy: A Secure Europe in a Better World. 12 December 2003.Google Scholar
  15. High Representative of the European Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy and Vice-President of the European Commission. Europe and the World. 8.7.2010. SPEECH/10/378.Google Scholar
  16. Non-Paper on the European External Action Service, Joint letter from the Foreign Ministers of Belgium, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Poland and Sweden, 8.12.2011.Google Scholar
  17. Report on the Implementation of the European Security Strategy: Providing Security in a Changing World. S407/08. 11 December 2008.Google Scholar
  18. Treaty on European Union (TEU) 2012 O.J. C 326/13.Google Scholar
  19. Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU) 2012 O.J. C 326/47.Google Scholar

Miscellaneous

  1. Obama to skip EU-US summit in Madrid. EU Observer, 1 February 2010. Accessed May 10, 2012, from http://euobserver.com/24/29377
  2. The Polish Institute of International Affairs (‘PIIA’), ‘The EU external representation in the area of shared competences’, January 2012.Google Scholar
  3. United Nations General Assembly, Resolution A/65/L.64/Rev.1.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Leuven Centre for Global Governance Studies, Institute for International LawUniversity of Leuven, Law FacultyLeuvenBelgium

Personalised recommendations