Two-Dimensional Hydraulic Modeling and Analysis of Morphological Changes in the Palancia River (Spain) During a Severe Flood Event on October 2000

  • Beatriz Nácher-Rodríguez
  • Ignacio Andrés-Doménech
  • Carles Sanchis-Ibor
  • Francisca Segura-Beltrán
  • Francisco J. Vallés-Morán
  • Eduardo Albentosa Hernández
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Earth System Sciences book series (LNESS)

Abstract

This paper analyzes the possibilities that mathematical models offer to reconstruct flood events, and to predict their erosional and sedimentary effects. To that end, the severe flood event of October 2000 of the Palancia River (Valencia, Spain) is assessed. The hydraulic reconstruction was performed with the software GUAD 2D, a two-dimensional mathematical simulation model for shallow water conditions. The results obtained from the mathematical model and the hydraulic-sedimentological analysis were compared with the flood-related features mapped by means of geomorphologic photo-interpretation and field observations. This comparative study illustrates that these models constitute a powerful tool for the prediction of the river bed evolution. Calibration was the most challenging stage in the reconstruction of this historical event.

Keywords

2D hydraulic modeling Floods geomorphology Calibration Historical events 

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Beatriz Nácher-Rodríguez
    • 1
  • Ignacio Andrés-Doménech
    • 1
  • Carles Sanchis-Ibor
    • 2
  • Francisca Segura-Beltrán
    • 3
  • Francisco J. Vallés-Morán
    • 1
  • Eduardo Albentosa Hernández
    • 1
  1. 1.Instituto Universitario de Ingeniería del Agua y Medio AmbienteUniversitat Politècnica de ValènciaValenciaSpain
  2. 2.Centro Valenciano de Estudios del RiegoUniversitat Politècnica de ValènciaValenciaSpain
  3. 3.Department de GeografiaUniversitat de ValènciaValènciaSpain

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