Science Visions, Science Fiction and the Roots of Computational Intelligence

  • Rudolf Seising
Conference paper
Part of the Studies in Computational Intelligence book series (SCI, volume 445)


In later science fiction movies, computers run countries or govern the whole mankind but in science fiction stories of the 1950s this scenario does not exist. It seems that it originated from the early Computer Science and it was Lotfi A. Zadeh who published in 1950 the first science vision of a “Thinking Machine”. He also predicted in 1950 that “Thinking machines” may be commonplace in anywhere from ten to twenty years hence and that they will play a major role in any armed conflict. Not many years later new SF stories told these kinds of stories of computers that govern the world by their decision — sometimes they annihilate the earth, sometimes they protect the planet. This paper gives a historical view on the idea of “machines that/who thinks” in science visions and in science fiction. Then, it shows this idea’s historical path from the research program of Artificial Intelligence to that of Computational Intelligence.


Computational Intelligence Soft Computing Science Fiction Science Vision Logical Calculus 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Edificio de InvestigaciónEuropean Centre for Soft ComputingMieresSpain

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