Can Fuzzy Clustering Avoid Local Minima and Undesired Partitions?

  • Balasubramaniam Jayaram
  • Frank Klawonn
Part of the Studies in Computational Intelligence book series (SCI, volume 445)


Empirical evaluations and experience seem to provide evidence that fuzzy clustering is less sensitive w.r.t. to the initialisation than crisp clustering, i.e. fuzzy clustering often tends to converge to the same clustering result independent of the initialisation whereas the result for crisp clustering is highly dependent on the initialisation. This leads to the conjecture that the objective function used for fuzzy clustering has less undesired local minima than the one for hard clustering. In this paper, we demonstrate that fuzzy clustering does suffer from unwanted local minima based on concrete examples and show how these undesired local minima of the objective function in fuzzy clustering can vanish by using a suitable value for the fuzzifier.


Objective Function Local Minimum Fuzzy System Cluster Centre Fuzzy Cluster 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of MathematicsIndian Institute of Technology HyderabadYeddumailaramIndia
  2. 2.Department of Computer ScienceOstfalia University of Applied SciencesWolfenbuettelGermany
  3. 3.Bioinformatics and StatisticsHelmholtz Centre for Infection ResearchBraunschweigGermany

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