Paradigm Shifts in E-Learning: From Web-Based Learning to Context-Aware Ubiquitous Learning

  • Gwo-Jen Hwang
Part of the New Frontiers of Educational Research book series (NFER)


Although digital learning, such as web-based learning and computer-assisted learning, has been recognized as being an effective learning channel that provides rich and diverse content, educators have emphasized the importance and necessity of conducting “authentic activities” in which students can work with problems from the real world. Recent progress in computer, wireless communication and sensing technologies has provided opportunities to conduct authentic learning activities in the real world with supports from digital systems. Such a new development of technology-enhanced learning has been called context-aware ubiquitous learning by researchers, and shifts the learning paradigm from virtual to authentic contexts. In such an innovative learning environment, the learning system is able to sense the real-world situation of the learners, interact with them and provide them with adaptive supports accordingly. In this chapter, we shall address how the e-learning has been affected by these emerging technologies via reviewing several studies and applications; moreover, the strategies of applying the new approach as well as the potential research issues are discussed.


Mobile Device Learning System Ubiquitous Computing Target Plant Authentic Context 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Graduate Institute of Digital Learning and EducationNational Taiwan University of Science and TechnologyTaipeiTaiwan

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