Ecological Zoning and Assessments of Biological Diversity in the Tropics

  • Karan Deo Singh
Part of the Environmental Science and Engineering book series (ESE)


The Chapter presents FAO programme on eco-floristic zone classification and mapping carried out during 1981-86 in collaboration with the International Institute for Vegetation Mapping (ICIV) at Toulouse in France. The objective was to provide a common system for classification and mapping of tropical vegetation cover, which could be used as a basis for assessment and monitoring of changes in the extent of forests by ecological zone, country, region and the world. It was also thought that such a map would have many other uses and promote exchange of scientific and technical know-how related to forest management and forest ecology among countries. The idea was first successfully tested in pilot countries of tropical Asia including India, Philippines and Thailand in cooperation with the national institutions and later extended to the entire tropics. Finally, an example is provided on the use of ecological zone database for preparing a report on the State of Forest Ecosystems in the Tropics for UNCED 1992 and assessing risks of biological diversity loss due to tropical deforestation.


Species Richness Forest Inventory Tropical Rain Forest Ecological Zone Ecological Region 
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Recommended Further Reading

  1. FAO (1993) Forest Resources Assessment 1990: Tropical Countries, FAO Forestry Paper 112, FAO Rome, ItalyGoogle Scholar
  2. FAO (1996) Forest Resources Assessment 1990: survey of tropical forest cover and study of change processes, Forestry paper 130, FAO RomeGoogle Scholar
  3. Sharma MK (1986) A vegetation map of tropical continental Asia on 1:5 Million scale, Institute Of International Map of Vegetation Toulouse (France)Google Scholar
  4. Singh KD (2005) Forest Biological Diversity: assessment and conservation planning, WWF India and ITTO, Yokohama, JapanGoogle Scholar
  5. UNESCO (1973) International classification and mapping of vegetation, Paris, FranceGoogle Scholar
  6. WCMC (1992) States of plant and animal inventories for protected areas in the tropics, CambridgeGoogle Scholar
  7. Yangambi (1956) Report of specialists meeting on phytogeography, Scientific Council for Africa, South of Sahara, Publication No. 22Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Academy of Forest and Environmental SciencesNew DelhiIndia

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