Common Patterns of Spatial Variations in the Tropics

  • Karan Deo Singh
Part of the Environmental Science and Engineering book series (ESE)


The Chapter highlights the fact that there is a common pattern of spatial variation in tropical forests across the three continents and elaborates this fact taking specific example of tropical rainforests, the most complex of all formations. What seems to be a bewildering chaos of vegetation does have in fact an organized structure across the three tropical regions and composed of similar synusiae or communities of tree species with homogeneous characteristics and possessing great similarity in their spatial arrangement. Thanks to this, the knowledge acquired in one region or country could serve a very useful purpose for survey planning in another regions or countries. This constitutes an important basis of South-South Cooperation.


Rain Forest Sampling Unit Plot Size Forest Degradation Forest Formation 
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Recommended Further Reading

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Academy of Forest and Environmental SciencesNew DelhiIndia

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