Photoinduced Generation of Hydroxyl Radical in Natural Waters

  • Khan M. G. Mostofa
  • Cong-qiang Liu
  • Hiroshi Sakugawa
  • Davide Vione
  • Daisuke Minakata
  • M. Saquib
  • M. Abdul Mottaleb
Part of the Environmental Science and Engineering book series (ESE)


Hydroxyl radical (HO) is a short-lived free radical, and it is the most potent oxidizing transient among the reactive oxygen species. It is an effective, nonselective and strong oxidant that is ubiquitously formed in natural sunlit surface waters (rivers, lakes and seawater and so on), rain, dew, cloud, fog, snow, aerosol, and in all living organisms.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Khan M. G. Mostofa
    • 1
  • Cong-qiang Liu
    • 1
  • Hiroshi Sakugawa
    • 2
  • Davide Vione
    • 3
    • 4
  • Daisuke Minakata
    • 5
  • M. Saquib
    • 6
  • M. Abdul Mottaleb
    • 7
  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of Environmental GeochemistryInstitute of Geochemistry, Chinese Academy of SciencesGuiyangChina
  2. 2.Department of Environmental Dynamics and ManagementGraduate School of Biosphere Science, Hiroshima UniversityHigashi-HiroshimaJapan
  3. 3.Dipartimento di Chimica AnaliticaUniversity of TurinTurinItaly
  4. 4.Centro Interdipartimentale NatRiskGrugliascoItaly
  5. 5.School of Civil and Environmental EngineeringGeorgia Institute of TechnologyAtlantaUSA
  6. 6.Department of ChemistryAligarh Muslim UniversityAligarhIndia
  7. 7.Department of Chemistry/Physics Northwest Missouri State UniversityCenter for Innovation and Entrepreneurship (CIE)MaryvilleUSA

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