Bending Stiffness of IM Nails for Orthopedic Applicatins: A Comparative Study between 12 Specimen Group from 9 Established Manufacturers

Part of the IFMBE Proceedings book series (IFMBE, volume 49)


Bending stiffness of 12 specimen groups of Stainless steel and Titanium IM nails from 9 established manufacturers were measured and compared. With this respect, a rapid literature review is conducted. Further, the difference of stainless steel and titanium bending stiffness is discussed. The results are provided as a reference for manufacturers and regulatory authorities as an indication for effectiveness and safety of IM nails.


Biomedical Biomaterials Intramedullary nails IM Nails Bending stiffness 

Copyright information

© IFMBE 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Biomedical Engineering, Faculty of EngineeringUniversity of MalayaKuala LumpurMalaysia

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