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Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy Measurements for Dielectric Materials and Metals

  • S. Ikezawa
  • M. Wakamatsu
  • T. Ueda
Part of the Smart Sensors, Measurement and Instrumentation book series (SSMI, volume 1)

Abstract

This chapter describes an optical sensing system for elemental analysis using laser-induced electro-avalanche fluorescence on wide bandgap materials, and laser-induced plasma on metal objects. This method of measurement and analysis is called “laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy” (LIBS). In LIBS, the vaporizing and exciting plasma is produced by high-powered focused laser pulses. Pulses from a laser are focused on the sample using a lens, and plasma emission light is collected and collimated using a second lens. The light is transported to a wavelength selective device on the spectrograph, and recorded time-resolved, or gate setting, devices to improve the signal-to-noise and signal-to-background ratio. This provides discrimination against interference from an emission continuum, called “bremsstrahlung.” Plasma light is initially dominated by a white light continuum, that has little intensity variation as a function of wavelength because of bremsstrahlung and radiation from the plasma as free electrons and ions recombine in the plasma cooling process. If the emission is recorded over the entire time, this light continuum seriously interferes with the detection of weaker emissions from atomic species. For this reason, temporal resolving measurement is carried out using LIBS. This chapter introduces a LIBS system applied to wide-bandgap materials like sodium, and metal objects containing small metal particles.

Keywords

Streak Camera Breakdown Spectroscopy Multiphoton Process Wide Bandgap Material Lunar Soil Simulant 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Graduate School of Information Production and SystemsWaseda UniversityKitakyushuJapan

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