Advertisement

Introduction

  • Johan Klaesson
  • Börje Johansson
  • Charlie Karlsson
Chapter
Part of the Advances in Spatial Science book series (ADVSPATIAL)

Abstract

Metropolitan growth has been dramatic in the industrialized countries since the Second World War. Today, metropolitan regions are increasingly recognized as the national growth and development engines in a globalizing world (Jacobs 1984; Huggins 1997), and in particular as the driving forces in national as well as global innovation processes (Shefer and Frenkel 1998). In the industrialized countries, the metropolitan regions play a critical role not only as major generators of value added but also as major nodes for creativity, innovation and entrepreneurship as well as for communication and transportation. In line with Duranton and Puga (2005), one could claim that metropolitan regions are functionally specialized in the invention and creation on new products, i.e. innovation. Thus, since they are highly diversified and contain a broad range of different types of industries, local business services and firm sizes, they function as “incubator cities” (Chinitz 1961) or “nursery cities” (Duranton and Puga 2001), i.e. as superior ‘incubators’ for the development of innovations and for the development and growth of both new and small firms.

Keywords

Market Potential Metropolitan Region Agglomeration Economy Cultural Industry Regional Innovation System 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. Acs ZJ, FitzRoy FR, Smith I (2002) High technology employment and R&D in cities: heterogeneity vs specialization. Ann Reg Sci 36:373–386CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Aghion P et al (2009) The effects of entry on incumbent innovation and productivity. Rev Econ Stat 91:20–32CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Andersson ÅE, Andersson DE (eds) (2000) Gateways to the global economy. Edward Elgar, CheltenhamGoogle Scholar
  4. Andersson M, Gråsjö U, Karlsson C (2008) University and industry R&D accessibility and regional economic growth. Ital J Reg Sci 7:97–117Google Scholar
  5. Anselin L, Varga A, Acs Z (1997) Local geographic spillovers between university research and high technology innovations. J Urban Econ 42:422–448CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Audretsch DP, Feldman MP (1996) Innovative clusters and the industry life-cycle. Rev Ind Organ 11:253–273CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Audretsch DB, Feldman MP (1999) Innovation in cities: science-based diversity, specialization and localized competition. Eur Econ Rev 43:409–429CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Batten DF, Kobayashi K, Andersson ÅE (1989) Knowledge, nodes and networks: an analytical perspective. In: Andersson ÅE, Batten DF, Karlsson C (eds) Knowledge and industrial organization. Springer Verlag, Berlin, pp 31–46CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Beise M, Stahl H (1999) Public research and industrial innovations in Germany. Res Policy 28:397–422CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Braudel F (1979) Le Temps du Monde. Librarie Armand Colin, ParisGoogle Scholar
  11. Brouwer E, Budil-Nadvornicova H, Kleinknecht A (1999) Are urban agglomerations a better breeding place for product innovation? An analysis of new product announcements. Reg Stud 33:541–549CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Casti J (1985) Simple models, catastrophes and cycles. Research report RR-85-2. IIASA, LaxenburgGoogle Scholar
  13. Chinitz B (1961) Contrasts in agglomeration: New York and Pittsburgh. Am Econ Rev 51:279–289Google Scholar
  14. Ciccone A, Hall RE (1996) Productivity and the density of economic activity. Am Econ Rev 86:54–70Google Scholar
  15. Clark TN et al (2002) Amenities drive urban growth. J Urban Aff 25:493–515CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. De Bresson C, Amesse F (1991) Networks of innovators: a review and introduction to the issue. Res Policy 20:363–379CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Duranton G, Puga D (2001) Nursery cities: urban diversity, process innovation and the life cycle of products. Am Econ Rev 91:1454–1477CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Duranton G, Puga D (2005) From sectoral to functional urban specialization. J Urban Econ 57:343–370CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Ejermo O, Karlsson C (2006) Interregional inventor networks as studied by patent coinventorships. Res Policy 35:412–430CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Ellison G, Glaeser EL (1997) Geographic concentration in U.S. manufacturing industries: a dartboard approach. J Polit Econ 105:889–927CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Ellison G, Glaeser EL (1999) The geographic concentration of industry: does natural advantage explain agglomeration? Am Econ Rev 89:311–316CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Ewers HJ, Wettman R (1980) Innovation-oriented regional policy. Reg Stud 14:161–179CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Falck O, Heblich S (2008) Modern location factors in dynamic regions. Eur Plann Stud 16:1385–1403CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Feldman MP (1994) The geography of innovation. Kluwer, BostonCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Feldman MP (2001) The entrepreneurial event revisited: firm formation in a regional context. Ind Corp Change 10:861–891CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Fischer MM, Deiz JR, Snickars F (2001) Metropolitan innovation systems – theory and evidence from three metropolitan regions in Europe. Springer Verlag, BerlinCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Florida R (2002) The economic geography of talent. Ann Assoc Am Geogr 92:743–755CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Fujita M (1989) Urban economic theory. Cambridge University Press, CambridgeCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Glaeser EL, Kerr WR (2009) Local industrial conditions and entrepreneurship: how much of the spatial distribution can we explain? J Econ Manage Strategy 18(3):623–663Google Scholar
  30. Glaeser EL, Kolko J, Saiz A (2001) Consumer city. J Econ Geogr 1:27–50CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Greene F, Mole K, Storey DJ (2008) Three decades of enterprise culture. Palgrave, LondonGoogle Scholar
  32. Henderson JV (2005) Urbanization and growth. In: Aghion P, Durlauf S (eds) Handbook of economic growth. Elsevier, Amsterdam, pp 1543–1591Google Scholar
  33. Hirsch S (1967) Location of industry and international competitiveness. Oxford University Press, OxfordGoogle Scholar
  34. Holmberg I, Johansson B, Strömquist U (2003) A simultaneous model of long-term job and population changes. In: Andersson ÅE, Johansson B, Anderson WP (eds) The economics of disappearing distance. Ashgate, Aldershot, pp 161–189Google Scholar
  35. Howard E (1898) Garden cities of tomorrow. Reprinted in 1902, Faber and Faber, LondonGoogle Scholar
  36. Howells J (1983) Filter-down theory: location and technology in the UK pharmaceutical industry. Environ Plann A 15:147–164CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Huggins R (1997) Competitiveness and the global region: the role of networking. In: Simmie JM (ed) Innovation, networks and learning regions. Jessica Kingsley, London, pp 101–123Google Scholar
  38. Jacobs J (1961) The death and life of great American cities. Random House, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  39. Jacobs J (1969) The economy of cities. Random House, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  40. Jacobs J (1984) Cities and the wealth of nations. Camden Press, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  41. Jaffe A, Trajtenberg M, Henderson R (1993) Geographic localization of knowledge spillovers as evidenced by patent citations. Quart J Econ 63:411–427Google Scholar
  42. Johansson B (1985) Dynamics of metropolitan processes and policies. Scand Hous Plan Res 2:115–123CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Johansson B (1996) Location attributes and dynamics of job location. J Infrastruct Plann Manage 530:1–15Google Scholar
  44. Johansson B (1997) Infrastructure, market potential and endogenous economic growth. Paper presented at the Kyoto workshop 1997. Department of Civil Engineering, Kyoto University, KyotoGoogle Scholar
  45. Johansson B, Karlsson C (2001) Geographic transaction costs and specialization opportunities of small and medium-sized regions: scale economies and market extension. In: Johansson B, Karlsson C, Stough RR (eds) Theories of endogenous regional growth – lessons for regional policies. Springer, Berlin, pp 150–180CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Karlsson C, Pettersson L (2005) Regional productivity and accessibility to knowledge and dense markets. CESIS working paper 32. The Royal Institute of Technology, StockholmGoogle Scholar
  47. Keeble D, Walker S (1994) New firms, small firms and dead firms: spatial patterns and determinants in the United Kingdom. Reg Stud 28:411–427CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Kobayashi K (1995) Knowledge network and market structure: an analytic perspective. In: Batten DF, Casti J, Thord R (eds) Networks in action. Communication, economics and human knowledge. Springer, Berlin, pp 127–158CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Krugman P (1991) Geography and trade. MIT Press, Cambridge, MAGoogle Scholar
  50. Lakshmanan TR (1989) Infrastructure and economic transformation. In: Andersson ÅE, Batten DF, Johansson B (eds) Advances in spatial theory and dynamics. North-Holland, Amsterdam, pp 241–262Google Scholar
  51. Lakshmanan TR, Hansen WG (1965) A retail market potential model. J Am Inst Plann 31:134–143CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. Lakshmanan TR, Okumura M (1995) The nature and evolution of knowledge networks in Japanese manufacturing. Pap Reg Sci 74:63–86Google Scholar
  53. Lösch A (1943) Die raumliche Ordnung der Wirtschaft. Gustav Fischer, StuttgartGoogle Scholar
  54. Maclellan D (1990) Urban change through environmental instruments. In: Urban challenges. Allmänna Förlaget, Stockholm, pp 51–76Google Scholar
  55. Malecki E, Oinas P (1998) Making connections – technological linking and regional economic change. Ashgate, AldershotGoogle Scholar
  56. Marshall A (1920) Principles of economics, 8th edn. Macmillan, LondonGoogle Scholar
  57. Michelacci C, Silva O (2007) Why so many local entrepreneurs. Rev Econ Stat 89:615–633CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. Michie J (2003) The handbook of globalization. Edward Elgar, CheltenhamGoogle Scholar
  59. Myrdal G (1957) Economic theory and under-developed regions. Ducksworth, LondonGoogle Scholar
  60. Noyelle TJ, Stanback JTM (1984) The economic transformation of American cities. Rowman & Allanhead, TotowaGoogle Scholar
  61. Quigley J (1990) The quality of housing. In: Urban challenges. Allmänna Förlaget, Stockholm, pp 39–50Google Scholar
  62. Revilla Diez J (2002) Metropolitan innovation systems: a comparison between Barcelona, Stockholm, and Vienna. Int Reg Sci Rev 25:63–85CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  63. Saxenian A (1999) Silicon valley’s new immigrant entrepreneurs. Public Policy Institute of California, San FranciscoGoogle Scholar
  64. Sen A, Smith T (1995) Gravity models of spatial interaction behavior. Springer, BerlinCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  65. Shefer D, Frenkel A (1998) Local milieu and innovations: some empirical results. Ann Reg Sci 32:185–200CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  66. Stam E (2007) Why butterflies don’t leave. Locational behavior of entrepreneurial firms. Econ Geogr 83:27–50CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  67. Stuart TE, Sorensen O (2005) Social networks and entrepreneurship. In: Alvarez S, Agarwal R, Sorensen O (eds) Handbook of entrepreneurship: disciplinary perspectives. Springer, Berlin, pp 211–228Google Scholar
  68. Suarez-Villa L, Fischer MM (1995) Technology, organization and export-driven research and development in Austria’s electronics industry. Reg Stud 29:19–42CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  69. Varaiya P, Wiseman M (1984) Bifurcation models of urban development. In: Andersson ÅE, Isard W, Puu T (eds) Regional and industrial development theories, models and empirical evidence. North-Holland, Amsterdam, pp 61–68Google Scholar
  70. Varga A (1998) University research and regional innovation: a spatial econometric analysis of academic technology transfer. Kluwer, BostonCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  71. von Hippel E (1994) Sticky information and the locus of problem solving: implications for innovation. Manage Sci 40:429–439CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  72. von Thünen JH (1826) Der isolierte Staat in Beziehung auf nationale Ökonomie und Landwirtschaft. Gustav Fischer, StuttgartGoogle Scholar
  73. Winter S (1984) Schumpeterian competition in alternative technological regimes. J Econ Behav Organ 5:287–320CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Johan Klaesson
    • 1
  • Börje Johansson
    • 1
    • 2
  • Charlie Karlsson
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Jönköping International Business School (JIBS)JönköpingSweden
  2. 2.Royal Institute of TechnologyStockholmSweden

Personalised recommendations