Gaussian Optics

  • Harald Rose
Chapter
Part of the Springer Series in Optical Sciences book series (SSOS, volume 142)

Abstract

The Gaussian method for describing the imaging of optical lenses in paraxial approximation is applied to charged-particle optics by linearizing the equations of motion.The consequences resulting from the Lagrange–Helmholtz relations are discussed, and Newton’s equation of paraxial image formation is derived for the thin-lens approximation and for the Glaser model field.The imaging properties of cylinder lenses and quadrupole systems are discussed in detail with the impetus on strong focusing, stigmatic imaging, and their usefulness as aberration correctors.

Keywords

Focal Length Object Plane Principal Plane Quadrupole Field Path Equation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Harald Rose
    • 1
  1. 1.Institut für Angewandte PhysikTU DarmstadtDarmstadtGermany

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