Observational Tests of Atmosphere Evolution Hypotheses

  • Helmut Lammer
Part of the SpringerBriefs in Astronomy book series (BRIEFSASTRON)


Spacecraft observations of hydrogen Energetic Neutral Atoms (ENAs) and the application of advanced numerical models developed a relevant remote-sensing technique in planetary and space science. Hydrogen ENAs are produced whenever a solar- or stellar- wind proton interacts via charge exchange with a neutral atom from an upper atmosphere so that their signals contain the information from the structure of the upper atmosphere and its neutral gas density, as well as that from the plasma environment around a planetary obstacle. By combining these observations with theoretical models of the solar wind plasma flow and its interaction with the upper atmospheres of planetary bodies and comets can be analyzed and studied to a great accuracy. From comparative studies between Solar System planets and exoplanets one can expect that similar processes will also occur within their environments. Exoplanets which are in orbit locations closer to their host stars, or within close-in habitable zones of active dwarf stars can be seen as proxies of Solar System planets during the time of the young Sun period.


Solar Wind Stellar Wind Terrestrial Planet Habitable Zone Host Star 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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© The Author(s) 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Space Research InstituteAustrian Academy of SciencesGrazAustria

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