Proposal for Everywhere Evacuation Simulation System
In the aftermath of the September 11 attacks, evacuation simulation has the potential for decreasing the amount of damage resulting from disasters, and, in particular, for saving human lives. Agent based simulation provides a platform for computing individual and collective behaviors that occur in crowds. Such simulations have led to proposals for enhanced prompt public evacuation.
For the public, it is desirable to simulate the behavior of evacuation in any building. We propose an everywhere evacuation simulation system. This system provides a software environment that permits evacuation simulation for any location for which plans are provided on the Web. Three-dimensional (3D) models of buildings and geographic information system (GIS) data for areas that are created for everyday purposes such as sightseeing are used as the environments for simulations. The characteristics of humans are set by users, and their evacuation behaviors are simulated with the relationships among them. The results of simulations can be viewed on the Web by allocating heterogeneous agents inside 2D/3D maps of buildings.
KeywordsParent Agent World Trade Center Escape Route Rescue Team Geographic Information System Data
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