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Transnational Inquiries and the Protection of Fundamental Rights in Comparative Law. Models of Gathering Overseas Evidence in Criminal Matters

  • Stefano Ruggeri
Chapter

Abstract

The present contribution contains a comparative analysis of this research. The comparison has been carried out combining the experiences of ten legal orders both of European and non-European countries with three international levels relating respectively to the UN, Council of Europe and EU legislation. This study focuses of two main modes of collecting overseas evidence corresponding to a wide and a narrow notion of transnational inquiries, i.e., mutual assistance and extraterritorial investigations. Within these two areas various tools of cross-border cooperation have been analyzed. Moreover, these forms of cooperation have been developed in the frame of two models, the mutual assistance and the mutual recognition model.

The analysis follows the scheme of functional comparison and aims to ascertain whether and how the selected legal orders succeed in carrying out efficient forms of transnational criminal investigations by preventing both sovereignty and human rights violations. To answer properly this question, the present research has analysed the significant developments occurred, outside and inside Europe, in all the aforementioned forms of transnational inquiries both at international and domestic level.

Keywords

Organize Crime Mutual Recognition Home State Legal Assistance Coercive Measure 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Abbreviations

AFSJ

Area of Freedom, Security and Justice

CCP

Code of Criminal Procedure

CISA

Convention Implementing the Schengen Agreement

ECHR

European Convention on Human Rights

ECMACM

European Convention on Mutual Assistance in Criminal Matters

ECtHR

European Court of Human Rights

EU

European Union

EU FRCh

Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union

EUCMACM

Convention on Mutual Assistance in Criminal Matters between the Member States of the European Union

FD EAW

Framework Decision on the European Arrest Warrant

FD EEW

Framework Decision on the European Evidence Warrant

FD EEW

Framework Decision on the European Evidence Warrant

FD JIT

Framework Decision on Joint Investigation Teams

FD OFPE

Framework Decision on the Execution in the EU of Orders Freezing Property or Evidence

FISA

Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act

IACHR

Inter-American Convention of Human Rights

IACMACM

Inter-American Convention on Mutual Assistance in Criminal Matters

IACtHR

Inter-American Court of Human Rights

PD EIO

Proposal for a Directive on a European Investigation Order

SAP ECMACM

Second Additional Protocol to European Convention on Mutual Assistance in Criminal Matters

TEU

Treaty on the European Union

TFEU

Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union

UN CTOC

United Nations Convention against Transnational Organised Crime

UN MTMACM

United Nations Model Treaty on Mutual Assistance in Criminal Matters

USSC

United States Supreme Court

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Public Law “T. Martines”, Law SchoolUniversity of MessinaMessinaItaly

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