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Abstract

This chapter in the book on transnational inquiries and the protection of fundamental rights in criminal proceedings takes into account the particular, and perhaps unique situation in the United States (US) following the terrorist attacks on 11 September 2001. It explores the laws regulating inquiries by foreign governments who seek evidence in the US to use in criminal proceedings overseas, but primarily the protections recognized by US statutes and jurisprudence when US officials gather evidence abroad. In this respect, the chapter focuses on protections during interrogations, searches, interceptions of confidential communications, and examinations of witnesses and explores when the protection differs, depending on whether the target of the investigative measure is a US-, or non US-citizen, or whether the investigating officials are part of the criminal justice apparatus or belong to the military or the intelligence community. Finally, the chapter explores the admissibility of evidence gathered in the same areas, depending on whether it is used in the normal civilian criminal courts, or in the newly constituted military commissions instituted for trial of foreigners accused of international terrorism.

Keywords

International Tribunal International Terrorism Fourth Amendment Degrading Treatment Military Commission 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Abbreviations

AG

Attorney General

ASPA

American Service-Members’ Protection Act

CAT

Convention Against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment

CIA

Central Intelligence Agency

CIPA

Classified Information Protection Act

Const.

Constitution

CSRT

Combatant Status Review Tribunal

DOD

Department of Defense

DOJ

Department of Justice

DTA

Detention Treatment Act 2005

FBI

Federal Bureau of Investigation

FISA

Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act

FRCrimP

Federal Rules of Criminal Procedure

ICC

International Criminal Court

ICTR

International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda

ICTY

International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia

KSM

Khalid Sheikh Mohammed

MLAT

Mutual Legal Assistance Treaty

NATO

North Atlantic Treaty Organization

USC

United States Code

USSC

United States Supreme Court

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of LawSaint Louis UniversitySt. LouisUSA

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