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D-Xylitol pp 193-204 | Cite as

Enzymatic Production of Xylitol: Current Status and Future Perspectives

  • Ricardo de Freitas BrancoEmail author
  • Anuj K. Chandel
  • Sílvio Silvério da Silva
Chapter

Abstract

Enzymatic production of bio-active compounds has several advantages over chemical synthesis. Enzymatic mediated reactions are generally considered safe, highly reproducible, economical and environmentally benign. Microbial mediated xylose fermentation for xylitol production is a conventional approach with several process complexities. Enzymatic conversion of xylose into xylitol offers a promising alternative towards the commercial production of xylitol on a large scale. This chapter will discuss enzymatic production (or in vitro) of xylitol with emphasis on enzymatic catalysis using coenzymes and their enzymatic regeneration methods. Furthermore, mechanisms of the enzymatic process, operational details, advantages and disadvantages in comparison with the traditional production methods of xylitol (chemical and microbial) have been discussed at length. Special emphasis is placed on the sustainable raw material alternatives for enzymatic production of xylitol using sugarcane bagasse as the main carbohydrate source.

Keywords

Enzymatic synthesis Xylitol Xylose reductase Sugarcane bagasse Multi-enzymes 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors gratefully acknowledge the Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (FAPESP) (Grant n 2005/02840-0 and 2005/02866-9), Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior (CAPES) and the Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq) for the financial support.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ricardo de Freitas Branco
    • 1
    Email author
  • Anuj K. Chandel
    • 2
  • Sílvio Silvério da Silva
    • 2
  1. 1.Campus Pato Branco, Coordenação de Química—COQUIUniversidade Tecnológica Federal do Paraná—UTFPRPato BrancoBrazil
  2. 2.Departamento de Biotecnologia-LOT, Estrada municipal do campinho s/n, Escola de Engenharia de Lorena-USP-EELUniversidade de São PauloSão PauloBrazil

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