The Economic Process as a Growth Spiral

  • Hans Christoph Binswanger


The growing economy can be explained by an open-ended upward-going spiral of flows of goods and services and the corresponding monetary flows between firms and households. The spiral model differs from the circular flow model by the expansion of the economic process from period to period (cf. Fig. 9.1). This expansion results from an increase in the capital of firms, that is, by investments in connection with an increase in the size and the number of firms (F1 → F2 → F3 →), an increase in the income of households in connection with an increase in the number of households (H1 → H2 → H3 →), as well as—and this is the decisive factor—an increase in the amount of credit (loans) and money in connection with the increase of the banking system (B1 → B2 → B3 →). This occurs on the basis of an increasing use of nature and an increasing contribution by the imagination of the human mind, that is, of product and process inventions. The households provide the firms with their labor and other services. In return, they receive income from the firms in the form of wages, rents, and dividends. With this income they buy the products from the firms. To simplify the model, we neglect the government sector.


Banking System Equity Capital Interest Payment Investment Process Growth Spiral 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. Domar ED (1957) Essays in the theory of economic growth. Oxford University Press, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  2. Dorfner E (1994) Der Zins in der modernen Geldwirtschaft. In: Binswanger HC, Flotow P von (Hrsg) Geld und Wachstum. Stuttgart, pp 134–160Google Scholar
  3. Sieferle RP (2003) Der Europäische Sonderweg: Ursache und Faktoren, 2. Auflage. StuttgartGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute for Economy and the EnvironmentUniversity of St.GallenSt. GallenSwitzerland

Personalised recommendations