Tea Germplasm and Improvement in Bangladesh

  • Abdul Qayyum Khan
Part of the Advanced Topics in Science and Technology in China book series (ATSTC)


Tea was first introduced to the Halda Valley in Chittagong and Surma Valley of greater Sylhet in British India between 1840 and 1857. Tea management in Bangladesh can be distinguished in two broad categories: the sterling companies, the inland companies and proprietors. The sterling companies cover 39% of tea cultivated areas and their production share is 48% of the total. A recent survey reveals that the situation has been improved. The good middle, lower middle estate category managed 58.7% of total tea area, 21.0% being absolute clones plus 3.6% biclonal and polyclonal seedling teas, the rest being seedling teas of various sources. Bangladesh contributes only 1.2% in production and 0.5% in exports to the world tea trade. We should not be downcast, considering the production in the next two decades will include a small increment of 50 kilotonnes.


Seed Stock Tissue Culture Study Ethyl Methane Sulphonate Local Garden Garden Clone 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Alam AFMB (1994) Influence of improved genetic material towards higherroductivity of tea in Bangladesh. Proceedings of the International Seminar on Integrated Crop Management in Tea towards Higher Productivity. 26–27 April, Colombo, Sri Lanka, pp.33–49.Google Scholar
  2. Bezbaruah HP (1968) Genetic improvement of tea in North East India-Its problems and possibilities. Indian Journal of Genetics, 28A: 126–134.Google Scholar
  3. Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) (2010) Scholar
  4. International Tea Committee (ITC) (2009) Annual Bulletin of Statistics, London.Google Scholar
  5. Mohan JS, Newton RJ (1990) Prospects of biotechnology for tea improvement. Proceedings of Indian National Science Academy, 56(5&6): 441–448.Google Scholar
  6. Kanthamani S (1969) Tea clones and quality. UPASI Scientific Department Bulletin, 27: 35–37.Google Scholar
  7. Singh ID (1984) Advances in tea breeding in North-East India. In: Iyer RD (ed.) Proceedings of PLACROSYM-V. CPCRI, Kasargod. 15–18 December, 1982, Indian Society of Plantation Crops, pp.88–106.Google Scholar
  8. Wellensick SJ (1933) Floral biology and technique of crossing with tea. Arch Thicket, 12: 27–40.Google Scholar
  9. Wellensick SJ (1947) Foundation of general plant breeding. Breeding of Tea. Tjeekwillink and znHarlum (2nd Edition), pp.305–347.Google Scholar
  10. Wight W (1958) Theagrotype concept in tea taxonomy. Nature, 181: 893–895.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Wight W (1963) Improved method & clonal selection. Two and A Bud, 8(2): 3–5.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Zhejiang University Press, Hangzhou and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Abdul Qayyum Khan
    • 1
  1. 1.Bangladesh Tea Research InstituteMoulvibazarBangladesh

Personalised recommendations