Tea Germplasm and Improvement in Bangladesh
Tea was first introduced to the Halda Valley in Chittagong and Surma Valley of greater Sylhet in British India between 1840 and 1857. Tea management in Bangladesh can be distinguished in two broad categories: the sterling companies, the inland companies and proprietors. The sterling companies cover 39% of tea cultivated areas and their production share is 48% of the total. A recent survey reveals that the situation has been improved. The good middle, lower middle estate category managed 58.7% of total tea area, 21.0% being absolute clones plus 3.6% biclonal and polyclonal seedling teas, the rest being seedling teas of various sources. Bangladesh contributes only 1.2% in production and 0.5% in exports to the world tea trade. We should not be downcast, considering the production in the next two decades will include a small increment of 50 kilotonnes.
KeywordsSeed Stock Tissue Culture Study Ethyl Methane Sulphonate Local Garden Garden Clone
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