A Semantic Model to Query Spatial–Temporal Data

  • Benjamin Harbelot
  • Helbert Arenas
  • Christophe Cruz
Part of the Lecture Notes in Geoinformation and Cartography book series (LNGC)


There is a growing need for the study of spatial–temporal objects and their relationships. A common approach for this task is the use of relational databases, which unfortunately do not allow inference. In this research, we introduce a new approach that uses the concept of a “continuum” together with ontologies and semantic Web technologies. The continuum allows us to define parent–child relationships between representations of objects. It also allows us to compare the evolution of two different objects and establish the relationships between them along time. Our approach is based on the four-dimensional fluent, which is extended to obtain spatial–temporal qualitative information from the analysis of objects and their relationships. The results of our analysis are later added to our knowledge base, thus enhancing it. Our preliminary results are promising and we plan to further develop the model in the near future.


GIS Semantics Spatio–temporal 


  1. Allen J (1983) Maintaining knowledge about temporal intervals. Commun ACM 26(11):832–843CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Batsakis S, Petrakis E (2010) SOWL: spatio-temporal representation reasoning and querying over the semantic web. In: Proceedings of the 6th. International conference on semantic systems I–SEMANTICS 2010, vol 15. (September 2010), pp 1–15:9Google Scholar
  3. Brisaboa N, Mirbel I, Pernici B (1998) Constraints in spatio-temporal databases: a proposal for classification. In: Proceedings of the 3rd. International workshop on evaluation of modeling methods in system analysis and designGoogle Scholar
  4. Gutierrez C, Hurtado A, Vaisman A (2007) Introducing time into RDF. IEEE Trans Knowl Data Eng 19:207–218CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Hayes P (2004) RDF semantics, W3C recomendation, 10 february 2004. (Online) Accessed Nov 2012
  6. Hobbs J, Pan F (2012) Time ontology in OWL. (Online) Accessed Nov 2012
  7. Innerebner, M, Bohlen M, Timko I (2007) A web-enabled extension of a spatio-temporal DBMS. In: GIS’07 Proceedings of the 15th annual ACM international symposium on advances in geographic information systems, vol 34, pp 1–34:8Google Scholar
  8. Karmacharya A, Cruz C, Boochs F, Marzani F (2011) Integration of spatial processing and knowledge processing through the semantic web stack. In: Claramunt C, Levashkin S, Bertolotto M, (eds) GeoSpatial semantic. Lecture notes in computer science, vol 6631. Springer Berlin Heidelberg, pp 200–216Google Scholar
  9. Klein M, Fensel D (2001) Ontology versioning on the semantic web. In: Proceedings of the first international semantic web working symposium SWWS’01. (July 2001), pp 75–91Google Scholar
  10. Koubarakis M, Kyzirakos K (2010) Modeling and querying metadata in the semantic sensor web: the model stRDF and the query language stSPARQL. In: Aroyo L, Antoniou G, Hyvonen, E., Teije, A., Stuckenschmidt, H., Cabral, L., Tudorache, T., eds.: The semantic web: research and applications. Lecture notes in computer science, vol 6088. Springer Berlin Heidelberg , pp 425–439Google Scholar
  11. O’Connor M, Das A (2009) SQWRL: a query language for OWL. In: Proceedings of OWL: Experiences and Directions (OWLED) 6th. International WorkshopGoogle Scholar
  12. O’Connor M, Das A (2010) A method for representation and querying temporal information in OWL. In: Proceedings of biomedical engineering systems and technologies BIOSTEC 2010, pp 97–110Google Scholar
  13. Ryu K, Ahn Y (2001) Application of moving objects and spatiotemporal reasoning (2001) A TIMECENTER Technical ReportGoogle Scholar
  14. Secondo Team: Secondo (2012) An extensible database system. (Online) Accessed Nov 2012
  15. Strobl C (2008) Dimensionality extended nine–intersection Model (DE–9IM). In: Encyclopedia of GIS Springer. Springer, Berlin, pp 240–245Google Scholar
  16. Welty, C, Fikes R (2006) A reusable ontology for fluents in OWL. In: Proceedings of 2006 conference on formal ontology in Information systems (FOIS 2006), pp 226–236Google Scholar
  17. Yuan M (1999) Use of a three-domain representation to enhance GIS support for complex spatial-temporal queries. Transactions in GIS 3:137–159CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Benjamin Harbelot
    • 1
  • Helbert Arenas
    • 1
  • Christophe Cruz
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratoire Le2i, UMR-6302 CNRS, Departement Informatique DijonUniversity of BurgundyDijon CEDEXFrance

Personalised recommendations