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Atmosphere and Ocean Data Processing in a Decision-Making Support System for Arctic Exploration

  • Oksana Smirnova
  • Nataly Zhukova
Chapter
Part of the Lecture Notes in Geoinformation and Cartography book series (LNGC)

Abstract

Presently, attention must be paid to the conditions in the Arctic region. The area has experienced significant environmental changes in ice cover, the atmosphere, and the ocean in recent years. In addition, there has been active development of the Arctic region. Data from the Arctic region are used for ensuring safe navigation of passenger and freight traffic between Europe, Asia, and America, as well as by fishing companies and companies that research and extract mineral resources. Current data acquisition, processing, and analysis systems for the Arctic region are highly specialized systems that do not perform complex analyse of all sets of available data. Consequently, these systems do not provide products of analysis with the desired precision and efficiency in the defined conditions. The problem can be solved by developing a decision-making support system that will provide acquisition, processing, and analysis of all sets of available data and also monitor and investigate the environment in the Arctic region. In the chapter, the results of analyse of atmosphere and ocean data are presented and a solution for integrated data processing and analysis based on intelligent geoinformation system (IGIS) technologies is proposed. The main components of IGIS that are necessary to provide decision-making support for Arctic exploration are considered. A developed prototype of decision-making support system for Arctic exploration is described and results of data analyses are given.

Keywords

Atmosphere data processing Ocean data processing Decision support system Intelligent GIS 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The project for developing a decision-making support system is supported by the Office of Naval Research (ONR) global, Project # 62909-12-1-7013, “Decision Making Support System for Arctic Region”.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.St. Petersburg Institute for Informatics and Automation of the Russian Academy of Sciences (SPIIRAS)St PetersburgRussia

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