The Skipper’s Advisor: An Expert System for Coastal Navigation

Part of the Lecture Notes in Geoinformation and Cartography book series (LNGC)


Now is the time to revive the idea of the widespread use of expert systems in various fields using modern hardware and software technology. Navigation in littoral waters is an appropriate application for expert systems because it requires many different kinds of knowledge and expertise. The availability of information on the Internet, including data suitable for machine processing, may facilitate the creation of such a system. However, one must conduct an in-depth study of the issue to reach an effective solution to this challenge. This chapter describes the ideas embodied in a draft of the expert system, a research prototype of the system, and the experiments using it.


Expert system Coastal navigation Semantic Web Speech synthesis and recognition Natural language processing 3D imaging 


  1. Banas P, Breitsprecher M (2011) Knowledge base in the interpretation process of the collision regulations at sea. Int J Mar Navig Saf Sea Transp 5(3):359–364Google Scholar
  2. Bärlocher M (2012) OpenSeaMap—die freie seekarte. Hydrographische Nachr 91:10–13Google Scholar
  3. Calfee S, Rowe NC (2002) An expert system and tutor for maritime navigation rules. Naval Postgraduate School, Computer Science Department, MontereyGoogle Scholar
  4. Codescu M, Horsinka G, Kutz O, Mossakowski T, Rau R (2011) DO-ROAM: activity-oriented search and navigation with openstreetmap. In: Claramunt C, Levashkin S, Bertolotto M (eds) GeoSpatial semantics. 4th international conference, GeoS 2011, Brest, France, May 2011, Proc., Springer, pp 88–107Google Scholar
  5. Goralski R, Ray C, Gold C (2011) Applications and benefits for the development of cartographic 3D visualization systems in support of maritime safety. Int J Mar Navig Saf Sea Transp 5(4):423–431Google Scholar
  6. Huang X, Alleva F, Hon H-W, Hwang M-Y, Rosenfeld R (1992) The SPHINX-II speech recognition system: an overview. computer, speech and language, vol 7, pp. 137–148Google Scholar
  7. Jurafsky D, Martin JH (2008) Speech and language processing: an introduction to natural language processing, speech recognition, and computational linguistics, 2nd edn. Prentice-Hall, NJGoogle Scholar
  8. Katarzynska B (2009) Towards standardized maritime language for communication at sea. Int J Mar Navig Saf Sea Transp 3(3):339–341Google Scholar
  9. Malyankar RM (1999a) Creating a navigation ontology, workshop on ontology management, AAAI-99, Orlando, FL In: Tech. Rep. WS-99-13, AAAI, Menlo Park, CAGoogle Scholar
  10. Malyankar RM (1999b) An intelligent information system for maritime navigation. Symposium on question-answering systems, AAAI fall symposium seriesGoogle Scholar
  11. Malyankar RM (2002) Vocabulary development for markup languages—a case study with maritime information. Eleventh international world wide web conference, HonoluluGoogle Scholar
  12. Nikitakos N, Fikaris G (2009) Marine navigation using expert system. Int J Mar Navig Saf Sea Transp 3(3):251–259Google Scholar
  13. Pietrzykowski Z, Uriasz J (2010) Knowledge representation in a ship’s navigational decision support system. Int J Mar Navig Saf Sea Transp 4(3):265–270Google Scholar
  14. Ray C, Goralski R, Claramunt C, Gold C (2011) Real-time 3D monitoring of marine navigation. In: Popovich V, Claramunt C, Devogele T, Schrenk M, Korolenko (eds) Information fusion and geographic information systems. Towards the digital ocean. Springer, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  15. Schröder M, Trouvain J (2003) The german text-to-speech synthesis system MARY: a tool for research, development and teaching. Int J Speech Technol 6:365–377CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Sorokin R (2011) Advantages of intelligent geographic information system research prototype. In: Popovich V, Claramunt C, Devogele T, Schrenk M, Korolenko (eds) Information fusion and geographic information systems. Towards the digital ocean. Springer, New YorkGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Research Laboratory of Object-Oriented Geo-Information SystemsSt.Petersburg Institute for Informatics and Automation of RASSaint-PetersburgRussia

Personalised recommendations