A Simulation Model of Urban Growth Driven by the Bosphorus Bridges

  • Ismail Ercument Ayazli
  • Fatmagul Kilic
  • Hulya Demir
Part of the Lecture Notes in Geoinformation and Cartography book series (LNGC)


Istanbul, which joins Asia and Europe, has always attracted attention thanks to its cultural, natural, and environmental heritages. However, an increase in population has caused an enormous transportation problem. To overcome this problem, two bridges were built on the Bosphorus strait, and a third bridge will be built on the north side of the Bosphorus. Shortly after the first two bridges were built, each bridge created its own traffic and triggered urbanization northward into Istanbul. The main purposes of this chapter are to determine land use changes driven by the Bosphorus bridges, as well as the probable impact of a third bridge on land usage. For these purposes, an urban growth simulation model was created for the year 2030, using a SLEUTH-based urban growth model. According to the results, Istanbul will continue growing northward. In the north of the city, 40% of forest areas and 83% of agriculture-urban open space will transform into settlement areas.


Urban GIS Urban Growth Cellular Automata Simulation Transportation 



The authors would like to thank Sivas Cumhuriyet University for supporting the study under CUBAP project M 355.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ismail Ercument Ayazli
    • 1
  • Fatmagul Kilic
    • 2
  • Hulya Demir
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Geomatic EngineeringCumhuriyet UniversitySivasTurkey
  2. 2.Yildiz Technical UniversityDepartment of Geomatic EngineeringEsenlerTurkey

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