Nanoenergy pp 153-177 | Cite as

Nanocomposites from V2O5 and Lithium Ion Batteries

  • Fritz Huguenin
  • Ana Rita Martins
  • Roberto Manuel Torresi
Chapter

Abstract

In this chapter, V2O5 xerogel and nanocomposites of V2O5 and polymers as well as the charge storage properties are described and discussed, aiming their use as cathode for lithium ion batteries. First, the different synthesis methods are presented, emphasizing the sol–gel methods via vanadates and vanadium alkoxides. Structural aspects are briefly mentioned to a better comprehension of lithium ion insertion/deinsertion, which influence on the electrochemical properties, and consequently, on the charge capacity of electrodes formed of V2O5. Nanostructured materials such as nanorolls, nanobelts, nanowires, and ordered nanorods arrays have been prepared and studied to increase the specific capacity, energy density, and power density. Moreover, the intimate contact between the nanocomposite components can also guarantee the enhancement of these properties so that these materials can be used in lithium ion batteries. Intermolecular interactions are also investigated to explain the performance of these positive electrodes. Various polymers have been used in these nanomaterials to increase the electronic conductivity as well as the ionic diffusion, and/or electrochemical stability.

Keywords

Specific Capacity Propylene Carbonate Vanadium Oxide Vanadium Pentoxide Electrochemical Quartz Crystal Microbalance 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgments

Financial support from FAPESP, CNPq, and Capes is gratefully acknowledged.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Fritz Huguenin
    • 1
  • Ana Rita Martins
    • 1
  • Roberto Manuel Torresi
    • 2
  1. 1.Departamento de Química, Faculdade de FilosofiaCiências e Letras de Ribeirão Preto, Universidade de São PauloRibeirão Preto–SPBrazil
  2. 2.Instituto de QuímicaUniversidade de São PauloSão Paulo–SPBrazil

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