Nanoenergy pp 101-123 | Cite as

Biofuel Cells: Bioelectrochemistry Applied to the Generation of Green Electricity

  • Gabriel M. Olyveira
  • Rodrigo M. Iost
  • Roberto A. S. Luz
  • Frank N. Crespilho
Chapter

Abstract

Several studies published in the last decade have pointed to the use of enzymes and microorganisms in biocatalytic reactions to generate electricity. Enzymes and living organisms can be used in modified electrodes to build the so-called biofuel cells (BFCs). However, a deep understanding of the structure and biocatalytic properties after enzyme immobilization is still lacking because they are immobilized in the solid state and outside of their natural environment. Thus, based on biological molecules and nanostructure materials applied to BFCs, these current topics shall be reviewed here, and prospects for future development in these areas will be presented as well. Moreover, immobilization methodologies and enzyme stability systems that result in BFCs will also be presented. Finally, BFC power density and catalyst support will be widely discussed in this book chapter.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gabriel M. Olyveira
    • 1
  • Rodrigo M. Iost
    • 2
  • Roberto A. S. Luz
    • 1
  • Frank N. Crespilho
    • 2
  1. 1.Centro de Ciências Naturais e HumanasUniversidade Federal do ABC, CEPSanto AndréBrazil
  2. 2. Institute of Chemistry of São Carlos (IQSC)University of São Paulo (USP)São CarlosBrazil

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