Article 45 [Tasks and Powers of the European Defence Agency]

  • Hermann-Josef Blanke
  • Stelio Mangiameli


Art. 45 TEU must be read in relation to Art. 42.3 TEU, which focuses on civilian and military capabilities (→ Art. 42 para 30–33). Those capabilities shall be made “available to the Union for the implementation of the common security and defence policy”, in order to contribute to the objectives defined by the Council.


Joint Action Operational Rule Legal Personality Qualified Majority Military Expenditure 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hermann-Josef Blanke
    • 1
  • Stelio Mangiameli
    • 2
  1. 1.Faculty for Economics, Law and Social ScienceUniversity of ErfurtErfurtGermany
  2. 2.National Research Council Institute for Regionalism, Federalism and Self-GovernmentRomeItaly

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