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Article 28 [Council Decisions on Operational Action]

(ex-Article 14 TEU)
  • Hermann-Josef Blanke
  • Stelio Mangiameli
Chapter

Abstract

During the EPC period, joint action represented the most advanced form of collaboration between the MS in the implementation of agreed policies. Since the EPC never developed its own dedicated legal instruments, joint action was put into effect through informal decisions made collectively by the MS and as such is best described as the practical output of their intergovernmental cooperation.

Keywords

Joint Action Operational Action Security Council Judicial Review Union Action 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Table of Cases

ECJ

  1. ECJ 24.11.1992, C-286/90, Anklagemyndigheden v Peter Michael Poulsen and Diva Navigation Corp., ECR I-6019 [cit. in para 17]Google Scholar
  2. ECJ 28.03.1996, Opinion 2/94, Accession of the Community to the European Human Rights Convention, ECR I-1759 [cit. in para 12]Google Scholar
  3. ECJ 12.05.1998, C-170/96, Commission v Council (Airport Transit Visas), ECR I-2763 [cit. in para 20, 23]Google Scholar
  4. ECJ 16.06.1998, C-162/96, A. Racke GmbH & Co. v Hauptzollamt Mainz, ECR I-3655 [cit. in para 6, 17, 20]Google Scholar
  5. ECJ 13.09.2005, C-176/03, Commission v Council (Environmental Penalties), ECR I-7879 [cit. in para 23]Google Scholar
  6. ECJ 23.10.2007, C-440/05, Commission v Council (Ship-source Pollution), ECR I-9097 [cit. in para 23]Google Scholar
  7. ECJ 20.05.2008, C-91/05, Commission v Council (Small Arms), ECR I-3651 [cit. in para 15]Google Scholar
  8. ECJ 03.06.2008, C-308/06, International Association of Independent Tanker Owners (Intertanko) and Others v. Secretary of State for Transport, ECR I-4057 [cit. in para 17, 20]Google Scholar
  9. ECJ 03.09.2008, C-402/05 P and C-415/05 P, Kadi and Al Barakaat v Council and Commission, ECR I-6351 [cit. in para 15, 17]Google Scholar

ECtHR

  1. ECtHR 30.06.2005, 45036/98, Bosphorus v Ireland [cit. in para 23]Google Scholar

ICJ

  1. ICJ 28.05.1948, Advisory Opinion, Admission of a State to the United Nations (Charter, Art. 4), ICJ Rep. 57, p. 64 [cit. in para 12]Google Scholar
  2. ICJ 20.07.1962, Advisory Opinion, Certain Expenses of the United Nations (Article 17, paragraph 2, of the Charter), ICJ Rep. 151 [cit. in para 13, 14, 20]Google Scholar
  3. ICJ 20.12.1980, Advisory Opinion, Interpretation of the Agreement of 25 March 1951 between the WHO and Egypt, ICJ Rep. 73 [cit. in para 17]Google Scholar
  4. ICJ 08.07.1996, Advisory Opinion, Legality of the Use by a State of Nuclear Weapons in Armed Conflict, ICJ Rep. 66 [cit. in para 12]Google Scholar

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Copyright information

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Authors and Affiliations

  • Hermann-Josef Blanke
    • 1
  • Stelio Mangiameli
    • 2
  1. 1.Faculty for Economics, Law and Social ScienceUniversity of ErfurtErfurtGermany
  2. 2.National Research Council Institute for Regionalism, Federalism and Self-GovernmentRomeItaly

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