Article 9 [The Principle of Equality and Citizenship of the Union]

  • Hermann-Josef Blanke
  • Stelio Mangiameli
Chapter

Abstract

In all its activities, 4 the Union shall observe the principle of the equality 7–16 of its citizens, who shall receive equal attention 5,6 from its institutions, bodies, offices and agencies. 4 Every national of a Member State 29–37 shall be a citizen of the Union. Citizenship 17–25 of the Union shall be additional 38–42 to and not replace national citizenship.

Keywords

Equal Treatment Democratic Principle Union Citizenship Equal Concern National Citizenship 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Table of Cases

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  2. ECJ 20.02.1979, 120/78, Rewe-Zentral AG v Bundesmonopolverwaltung für Branntwein (‘Cassis de Dijon’), ECR 649 [cit. in para 13]Google Scholar
  3. ECJ 13.07.1989, 5/88, Hubert Wachauf v Bundesamt für Ernährung und Forstwirtschaft, ECR 2609 [cit. in para 7]Google Scholar
  4. ECJ 08.11.1990, C-177/88, Elisabeth Johanna Pacifica Dekker v Stichting Vormingscentrum voor Jong Volwassenen (VJV-Centrum) Plus, ECR I-3941[cit. in para 10]Google Scholar
  5. ECJ 18.06.1991, C-260/89, Elliniki Radiophonia Tiléorassi AE and Panellinia Omospondia Syllogon Prossopikou v Dimotiki Etairia Pliroforissis and Sotirios Kouvelas and Nicolaos Avdellas and others (ERT), ECR I-2925 [cit. in para 7]Google Scholar
  6. ECJ 07.07.1992, C-369/90, Mario Vicente Micheletti and others v Delegación del Gobierno en Cantabria, ECR I-4239 [cit. in para 31]Google Scholar
  7. ECJ, 30.11.1995, C-55/94, Reinhard Gebhard v Consiglio dell'Ordine degli Avvocati e Procuratori di Milano ECR I-4165 [cit. in para 13]Google Scholar
  8. ECJ 26.06.1997, C-368/95, Vereinigte Familiapress Zeitungsverlags- und vertriebs GmbH v Heinrich Bauer Verlag ECR I-3689 [cit. in para 7]Google Scholar
  9. ECJ 12.05.1998, C-85/96, María Martínez Sala v Freistaat Bayern, ECR I-2691 [cit. in para 13]Google Scholar
  10. ECJ 24.11.1998, C-274/96, Criminal proceedings against Horst Otto Bickel and Ulrich Franz, ECR I-7637 [cit. in para 31]Google Scholar
  11. ECJ 11.11.1999, C-179/98, Belgian State v Fatna Mesbah, ECR I-7955 [cit. in para 31]Google Scholar
  12. ECJ 20.02.2001, C-192/99, The Queen v Secretary of State for the Home Department, ex parte: Manjit Kaur, ECR I-1237 [cit. in para 31]Google Scholar
  13. ECJ 20.09.2001, C-184/99, Rudy Grzelczyk v Centre public d’aide sociale d’Ottignies-Louvain-la-Neuve, ECR I- 6193 [cit. in para 9; 49; 51]Google Scholar
  14. ECJ 11.07.2002, C-224/98, Marie-Nathalie D’Hoop v Office national de l’emploi ECR I-6191 [cit. in para 49]Google Scholar
  15. ECJ 17.09.2002, C-413/99, Baumbast and R v Secretary of State for the Home Department, ECR I-7091 [cit. in para 49; 51]Google Scholar
  16. ECJ 02.10.2003, C-148/02, Carlos Garcia Avello v Belgian State, ECR I-11613 [cit. in para 31; 49]Google Scholar
  17. ECJ 29.04.2004, C-224/02, Heikki Antero Pusa v Osuuspankkien Keskinäinen Vakuutusyhtiö, ECR I-5763 [cit. in para 49]Google Scholar
  18. ECJ 19.10.2004, C-200/02, Kunqian Catherine Zhu and Man Lavette Chen v Secretary of State for the Home Department, ECR I-9925 [cit. in para 31; 37; 49; 51]Google Scholar
  19. ECJ 12.07.2005, C-403/03, Egon Schempp v Finanzamt München, ECR I-6421 [cit. in para 31; 49]Google Scholar
  20. ECJ 12.09.2006, C-145/04, Kingdom of Spain v United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland [cit. in para 31; 44]Google Scholar
  21. ECJ 12.09.2006, C-300/04, M. G. Eman and O. B. Sevinger v College van burgemeester en wethouders van Den Haag [cit. in para 31; 44]Google Scholar
  22. ECJ 16.12.2008, C-524/06, Heinz Huber v Bundesrepublik Deutschland, ECR I-9705 [cit. in para 49]Google Scholar
  23. ECJ 02.03.2010, C-135/08, Janko Rottmann v Freistaat Bayern, ECR I-1449 [cit. in para 9; 32–34; 37; 49; 55]Google Scholar
  24. ECJ 08.05.2011, C-34/09, Gerardo Ruiz Zambrano v Office national de l’emploi (ONEm) [cit. in para 37; 49; 51]Google Scholar
  25. ECJ 05.04.2011, C-108/10, Scattolon v Ministero dell’Istruzione, dell’Università e della Ricerca [cit. in para 7]Google Scholar
  26. ECJ 05.05.2011, C-434/09, McCarthy v Secretary of State for the Home Department [cit. in para 53]Google Scholar
  27. ECJ 15.11.2011, C-256/11, Murat Dereci et al. v Bundesministerium für Inneres [cit. in para 7; 54]Google Scholar

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hermann-Josef Blanke
    • 1
  • Stelio Mangiameli
    • 2
  1. 1.Faculty for Economics, Law and Social ScienceUniversity of ErfurtErfurtGermany
  2. 2.National Research Council Institute for Regionalism, Federalism and Self-GovernmentRomeItaly

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