Skip to main content

The Role of Administrative Law in Economic Development and Democracy in Korea

Abstract

Korea won its independence from Japan in 1945. Korea has experimented with its own democracy since it established the Democratic Constitution and its Government in 1948. In 1948, the U.S military government, led by General John R. Hodge, departed from the Korean peninsula after their 3-year governance. Korea has adapted a presidential system with a brief period of parliamentary cabinet system in the early 1960s, since Korea made its own Constitution in 1948. U.S. law and legal practice have not only influenced Korea, but also left their mark on international transaction law and many other laws.

Keywords

  • Police Officer
  • Judicial Review
  • Administrative Procedure
  • Administrative Action
  • State Compensation

These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Buying options

Chapter
USD   29.95
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • DOI: 10.1007/978-3-642-31689-0_3
  • Chapter length: 28 pages
  • Instant PDF download
  • Readable on all devices
  • Own it forever
  • Exclusive offer for individuals only
  • Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout
eBook
USD   79.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • ISBN: 978-3-642-31689-0
  • Instant PDF download
  • Readable on all devices
  • Own it forever
  • Exclusive offer for individuals only
  • Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout
Softcover Book
USD   99.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
Hardcover Book
USD   139.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)

Notes

  1. 1.

    Lee (2005).

  2. 2.

    Wilson (2010).

  3. 3.

    Ahn (1997).

  4. 4.

    Choi (2006).

  5. 5.

    Ohnesorge (1996).

  6. 6.

    Ginsburg (2001), 590–91.

  7. 7.

    Ibid. 596–97.

  8. 8.

    Ohnesorge (2006), 115–117.

  9. 9.

    Korean Statute No. 9968. Section 5. revised on Jan. 25, 2010.

  10. 10.

    Ginsburg (2001), 598.

  11. 11.

    The Public Officer Ethics Act, revised on June 11, 1993. Kor. Stat. No. 4566.

  12. 12.

    Issued on Dec. 31, 1996. Enforced on Jan. 1, 1998. Kor. Stat. No. 5241.

  13. 13.

    Kim (2009).

  14. 14.

    Korean Constitutional Court 92HunGa8 Dec. 24, 1992.

  15. 15.

    Ohnesorge (2006), 126–127.

  16. 16.

    Bingham et al. (2007), 389.

  17. 17.

    Park (2010), 14–23.

  18. 18.

    Rosenfeld (2001), 1307, 1328.

  19. 19.

    Park (2010), 14–23.

  20. 20.

    Barber (2003).

  21. 21.

    Korean Constitution Chapter III. Article 40.

  22. 22.

    Korean Constitution Chapter IV. Article 66.(4).

  23. 23.

    Korean Constitution Chapter V. Article 101.(1).

  24. 24.

    Korean Constitution Chapter IV. Article 75.

  25. 25.

    Korean Constitution Chapter IV. Article 95.

  26. 26.

    Korean Constitution Chapter VII. Article 117 (1).

  27. 27.

    Korean Constitution Chapter V Article 108.

  28. 28.

    Korean Constitution Chapter VI. Article 113(2).

  29. 29.

    Ginsburg (2001), 593.

  30. 30.

    Final Report and Legal Reform Recommendations to the Ministry of Justice of the Republic of Korea (2001), 550–553.

  31. 31.

    Kim (2008).

  32. 32.

    Bingham et al. (2007).

  33. 33.

    Korean Statute No. 10083, March 3, 2010 partly revised.

  34. 34.

    Korean Statute No. 10339, June 4, 2010 partly revised.

  35. 35.

    Korean Statute No. 10108, March 17, 2010 partly revised.

  36. 36.

    Korean Statute No. 10219, March 31, 2010 revised.

  37. 37.

    Korean Statute No. 9589, April 1, 2009 partly revised.

  38. 38.

    Korean Statute No. 9931, Jan. 13, 2010 partly revised.

  39. 39.

    Woon (2003).

  40. 40.

    Korean Statute No. 10220, March 31, 2010 partly revised.

  41. 41.

    Id. Section 1.

  42. 42.

    Id. Section 18, 25, etc.

  43. 43.

    www.mke.go.kr, last visited on Feb. 22, 2011.

  44. 44.

    Seo (2006).

  45. 45.

    Ohnesorge (2010).

  46. 46.

    Gilson and Milhaupt (2011).

  47. 47.

    Esty (2006).

  48. 48.

    Ginsburg (2001), 606.

  49. 49.

    The Korean Administrative Procedure Act, Articles 19 and 20.

  50. 50.

    The Korean Administrative Procedure Act, Articles 22.

  51. 51.

    Korean Supreme Court Decision 2000Du3337 (April 13, 2001).

  52. 52.

    The Korean Administrative Procedure Act, Article 27.

  53. 53.

    The Korean Administrative Procedure Act, Article 23.

  54. 54.

    Ohnesorge (2006), 127.

  55. 55.

    The Korean Administrative Procedure Act, Article 48 (1).

  56. 56.

    The Korean Administrative Procedure Act, Article 48 (2).

  57. 57.

    The Korean Administrative Procedure Act, Article 49.

  58. 58.

    The Korean Administrative Procedure Act, Chapter 4. Articles 41, 42, 43, and 45.

  59. 59.

    The Korean Administrative Procedure Act, Chapter 5. Article 46 and 47.

  60. 60.

    Ginsburg (2001), 618.

  61. 61.

    Ohnesorge (2006), 127.

  62. 62.

    Ibid, 128.

  63. 63.

    Ginsburg (2001), 606–7.

  64. 64.

    Administrative Appeals Act, Korean Stat. No. 8852, revised Feb. 29, 2008.

  65. 65.

    Enacted on Aug. 22, 1997, Korean Stat. No. 5369.

  66. 66.

    Ibid. Section 2.

  67. 67.

    http://www.acrc.go.kr/eng_index.html last visited on May 10, 2011.

  68. 68.

    Korean Stat. No. 5368. Enacted on Aug. 22, 1997.

  69. 69.

    Ibid. Chapter 4, Section 22.

  70. 70.

    Ginsburg (2001), 609.

  71. 71.

    Bingham et al. (2007), 390.

  72. 72.

    Act on Anti-Corruption and the Foundation of the Anti-Corruption & Civil Rights Commission Section 11.

  73. 73.

    Ibid. Section 39.

  74. 74.

    Ibid. Section 2, 5.

  75. 75.

    Ibid. Section 29.

  76. 76.

    Ibid. Section 42.

  77. 77.

    Ibid. Section 50.

  78. 78.

    Ibid. Section 1.

  79. 79.

    Ibid. Section 12.

  80. 80.

    http://www.acrc.go.kr/eng_index.html last visited on May 10, 2011.

  81. 81.

    Act on Anti-Corruption and the Foundation of the Anti-Corruption & Civil Rights Commission Section 27.

  82. 82.

    Act on Anti-Corruption and the Foundation of the Anti-Corruption & Civil Rights Commission Section 27.

  83. 83.

    http://www.acrc.go.kr/eng_index.html last visited on May 10, 2011.

  84. 84.

    The Korean Constitutional Court, 90HunMa133 (May 31, 1991).

  85. 85.

    In 1991, CheongJu City Local Government promulgated regional regulation, relating to public information disclosure.

  86. 86.

    Korean Prime Minister Regulation No. 288.

  87. 87.

    Korean Stat. No. 5242.

  88. 88.

    https://www.open.go.kr/pa/html/eng_main.htm, last visited on Jan. 25. 2011.

  89. 89.

    https://www.open.go.kr/pa/html/eng_RetrieveInfoDisclosureGuide02M.htm, last visited on Jan. 25. 2011.

  90. 90.

    The Act on Disclosure of Information by Public Agency, Article 9.

  91. 91.

    Korean Supreme Court, 2004Du2783 (Aug. 24, 2006).

  92. 92.

    Korean Supreme Court, 2008Du5643 (Apr. 29, 2010).

  93. 93.

    The annual report of public information disclosure in 2009 (in Korean) 10.

  94. 94.

    The annual report on public information disclosure in 2009 (in Korean) 46.

  95. 95.

    Korean Supreme Court, 2001Du8827 (Dec. 11, 2003).

  96. 96.

    Korean Supreme Court, 2009Du6001 (Feb. 11, 2010).

  97. 97.

    Korean Constitution, Article 29.

  98. 98.

    The State Compensation Act, Article 2.

  99. 99.

    The State Compensation Act, Article 5.

  100. 100.

    Korean Supreme Court, 2003Da57956 (May 13, 2004).

  101. 101.

    Article 11 of the former Act on the Performance of Duties by the Police Officers (amended by Act No. 5988 of May 24, 1999).

  102. 102.

    Korean Supreme Court, 2003Da57956 (May 13, 2004).

  103. 103.

    Korean Supreme Court, 99Da24218 (July 11, 2003).

  104. 104.

    Article 103 of Korean Constitution. Judges rule independently, according to their conscience and in conformity with the Constitution and the law.

  105. 105.

    Cheong (2011), 562.

  106. 106.

    Korean Supreme Court, 99Da54998 (April 25, 2000).

  107. 107.

    The Administrative Litigation Act, Article 35.

  108. 108.

    Korean Supreme Court, 2006Du330 (March 26, 2006).

  109. 109.

    The Constitution, Article 35.

  110. 110.

    Article 6 of the former Framework Act on Environmental Policy (revised by Act No. 6846 of December 30, 2002).

  111. 111.

    The Administrative Litigation Act, Article 1.

  112. 112.

    Cheong (2011), 708.

  113. 113.

    Korean Supreme Court, 2000Du7735 (April 22, 2004).

  114. 114.

    The Administrative Litigation Act, Article 27. The court may revoke even the discretionary disposition by an administrative agency when such a disposition is exercised beyond the limit of its discretion or the discretion is abused.

  115. 115.

    Korean Supreme Court, 2005Chu62 (March 22, 2007).

  116. 116.

    Article 69 of the Local Public Officials Act (Disciplinary Causes) (1) If a public official falls under any of the following subparagraphs, a resolution on discipline shall be requested, and a disciplinary action shall be taken according to the result of such disciplinary resolution: (1) When he violates this Act and any order issued under this Act, and the Municipal Ordinance or Municipal Rule of a local autonomous entity; (2) When he does not fulfill his duties (including that imposed by other Acts and subordinate statutes on him due to his status as a public official), or he neglects his duties; and (3) When he commits an act detrimental to his prestige or dignity.

  117. 117.

    The Local Autonomy Act, Article 157.

  118. 118.

    The Korean Supreme Court. 95NU7994 (Sept. 20. 1996).

  119. 119.

    The Korean Supreme Court. 2003Mu23 (October 9, 2003).

  120. 120.

    The Korean Constitutional Court Act, Article 68-1.

  121. 121.

    Korean Constitutional Court, 2007Hun-Ma910 (April 29, 2010).

  122. 122.

    Park (2010), 874.

  123. 123.

    Korean Constitutional Court, 2000Hun-Ma707(Jul. 18, 2002).

  124. 124.

    Korean Supreme Court, 2006Da18228(Sept. 25, 2008).

  125. 125.

    Korean Supreme Court, 96Da21706(Jul. 23, 1999).

  126. 126.

    Korean Supreme Court, 96NU10096(Sept. 26, 1997).

  127. 127.

    Park (2010), 385–400.

  128. 128.

    Id. 421–431.

  129. 129.

    Park and Kim (2002).

  130. 130.

    The Korean Constitutional Court, 2001HunKa25, (2003. 07. 24).

  131. 131.

    Korean Supreme Court 2001Du10387 (Jan. 10, 2003).

  132. 132.

    http://eng.scourt.go.kr/ 2009 Introductory Book of the Supreme Court of Korea.pdf. 58.

References

  • Ahn KW (1997) The influence of American Constitutionalism on South Korea. South Ill Univ Law J 22:72–73

    Google Scholar 

  • Barber NW (2003) The Rechtsstaat and the Rule of Law. Univ Toronto Law J 53:446–447

    Google Scholar 

  • Bingham LB, Lee SW, Chang WK (2007) Judicial independence and legal infrastructure: essential partners for economic development: participatory governance in South Korea: legal infrastructure, economic development, and dispute resolution. Pac McGeorge Glob Bus Dev Law J 19

    Google Scholar 

  • Cheong H-J (2011) Administrative Law (in Korean)

    Google Scholar 

  • Choi C (2006) Military conscription and human rights in the Republic Of Korea: the right of conscientious objection. Temple Int Comp Law J 20:136–137

    Google Scholar 

  • Esty DC (2006) Good governance at the supranational scale: globalizing administrative law. Yale Law J 115:1531

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Final Report and Legal Reform Recommendations to the Ministry of Justice of the Republic of Korea, University of Iowa. J Corp Law 26:550–553

    Google Scholar 

  • Gilson RJ, Milhaupt CJ (2011) Economically benevolent dictators: lessons for developing democracies. Am J Comp Law 59:285–286

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Ginsburg T (2001) Japanese law symposium: dismantling the “Developmental State”? administrative procedure reform in Japan and Korea. Am J Comp Law 49

    Google Scholar 

  • Kim J (2008) A forensic study of Daewoo’s corporate governance: does responsibility for the Meltdown Solely Lie with the Chaebol and Korea? Northwest J Int Law Bus 28: 273, 309

    Google Scholar 

  • Kim C-Y (2009) Administrative Law (in Korean), pp 372–374

    Google Scholar 

  • Lee I (2005) The law and culture of the apology in Korean dispute settlement. Mich J Int Law 27:19–20

    Google Scholar 

  • Ohnesorge J (1996) State, Industrial Policies & Antidumping Enforcement in Japan, South Korea and Taiwan. Buffalo J Int Law 3:334

    Google Scholar 

  • Ohnesorge J (2006) Chinese administrative law in the northeast mirror. Trans Law Contemp Probl 16

    Google Scholar 

  • Ohnesorge J (2010) The future of law and development, part V: “Beijing Consensus” anyone? Northwest Univ Law Rev Colloq 104: 257, 258

    Google Scholar 

  • Park K-S (2010) Public Administration Law (in Korean)

    Google Scholar 

  • Park Y-D, Kim H-J (2002) Actual Operation Conditions and Improvements of Penalty Surcharge System (Korea Legislation Research Institute, in Korean) 29

    Google Scholar 

  • Rosenfeld M (2001) The Rule of Law and The Legitimacy of Constitutional Democracy. Southern California Law Review 74: 1307, 1328

    Google Scholar 

  • Seo J (2006) Who will control Frankenstein? The Korean Chaebol’s corporate governance. Cardozo J Int Comp Law 14: 21, 23

    Google Scholar 

  • Wilson MJ (2010) U.S. legal education methods and ideals: application to the Japanese and Korean systems. Cardozo J Int Comp Law 18:334

    Google Scholar 

  • Woon LK (2003) The problem and suggestion with the software industry promotion act. Korean Administrative Law Study (in Korean) 124–125

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Editor information

Editors and Affiliations

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

Copyright information

© 2013 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg

About this chapter

Cite this chapter

Jeong, H. (2013). The Role of Administrative Law in Economic Development and Democracy in Korea. In: Introduction to Korean Law. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-31689-0_3

Download citation