Coating and Applications

Chapter
Part of the Materials Forming, Machining and Tribology book series (MFMT)

Abstract

This chapter presents the development of new coatings in order to minimize the effects of wear on the tools of manufacturing processes. The coating materials with hard layers results in increased wear resistance and decreasing the coefficient of friction, allowing a better tribological performance of tools and a reduction in machine downtime due to premature failure. The Plasma nitriding, the Chemical Vapor Deposition (CVD), the Physical Vapor Deposition (PVD), the Physical–Chemical Vapor Deposition (PCVD), some thermochemical treatments, multilayer coatings and Diamond-Like Carbon (DLC) were discussed. The physical vapor deposition can be obtained through three technical features: deposition by vacuum evaporation, cathode sputtering and ion plating. Some coatings properties, such as high hardness, low friction coefficient and high chemical and thermal stability, are primarily responsible for the diversity of applications of these coatings. In this chapter are also presented and compared the properties of various surface coatings applied in the industry.

Keywords

Physical Vapor Deposition High Speed Steel Titanium Nitride Chemical Vapor Deposition Process Plasma Nitriding 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. 1.
    Bell T (1991) Surface treatment and coating of PM components. Powder Metall 34:253–254Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Bhushan B, Gupta BK (1991) Handbook of tribology: materials, coatings and surface treatments. McGraw-Hill, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Konig RG (2007) Estudo do desgaste de revestimentos em matrizes de recorte a frio de cabeças de parafusos. UFSCGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Edenhofer B (1974) Physical and metallurgical aspects ionitriding, Heat Treat Met 1:23–28Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Jones CK et al (1973) Ion nitriding. Heat Treat 73:71–77Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Wick C, Veilleux RF (1986) Vapour deposition processes. In: TOOL and manufacturing engineers handbook:materials, finishing and coating (4th edn) vol 3Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Musil J (2000) Hard and superhard nanocomposite coating. Surf Coat Technol 125:322–330CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Silvério M (2010) Comportamento tribológico de revestimento multifuncional CrN-DLC em atmosferas de gases refrigerantes. Dissertação (mestrado), UFSC, Centro TecnológicoGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Donnet C, Erdemir A (2004) Historical developments and new trends in tribological and solid lubricant coatings. Surf Coat Technol 180–181:76–84Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Erdemir A (2004) Design criteria for super lubricity in carbon films and related microstructures. Tribol Int 37:577–583CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Silva SRP, Robertson J, Milne WI, Amaratunga, GAJ (1998) Deposition mechanism of diamond-like carbon, in amorphous carbon: state of the art. World Scientific Publishing, pp 32–45Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Robertson J (2002) Diamond-like amorphous carbon. Mater Sci Eng R 37:129–281CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Grill A (1999) Diamond-like carbon: state of the art. Diam Relat Mater 8:428–434CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Donnet C (1998) Recent progress on the tribology of doped diamond-like and carbon alloy coatings: a review. Surf Coat Technol 100–101:180–186Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Hultman L, Sundgren JE (2001) In: Bunshah RF (ed) Handbook of hard coatings: deposition technologies, properties and applications. Noyes Publications, Park Ridge, New Jersey, pp 111Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Nordin M, Larsson M, Hogmark S (1999) Mechanical and tribological properties of multilayered PVD TiN/CrN. Wear [S.I.] 232:221–225Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Su YL et al (1997) Comparison of tribological behavior of three films TiN, TiCN and CrN—grown by physical vapor deposition. Wear 213:165–174CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Heinke et al (1995) Evaluation of PVD nitride coatings, using impact, scratch and Rockwell-C adhesion tests. Thin Solid Films, [S.I.] 270:431–438Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Instituto Federal de Santa CatarinaBalneário CamboriúBrazil
  2. 2.Mechanical Engineering DepartmentUniversidade Federal de Santa CatarinaFlorianopolisBrazil

Personalised recommendations